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Ways to Invest in Rare Earths

A brief look at the rare earth elements market and how to start investing in the sector. Read on to learn the basics.
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This article was originally published by Investing News Network

The 17 rare earth elements (REEs) are as diverse as they are challenging to pronounce. The group is made up of 15 lanthanides, plus yttrium and scandium, and each has different applications, pricing and supply and demand dynamics.

Sound complicated? While the REE space is undeniably complex, many investors find it compelling and are interested in finding ways to get a foot in the door.

Read on for a more in-depth look at the rare earth metals market and the many different types of rare earths, plus a brief explanation of how to start investing in this arena.

 

Dig In To Find Out The Latest Outlook On Rare Earth

 

 

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Ways to invest in rare earths: Types of rare earths

There are a number of ways to categorize and better understand REEs. For example, rare earths are often divided into “heavy” and “light” categories based on their atomic weight. Heavy rare earths are generally more sought after, but light REEs can, of course, be important too.

Rare earths can also be grouped together according to how they are used. Rare earth magnets include praseodymium, neodymium, samarium and dysprosium, while phosphor rare earths — those used in lighting — include europium, terbium and yttrium. Cerium, lanthanum and gadolinium are sometimes included in the phosphor category as well.

You can click here to learn more about heavy and light rare earths, and here for more information about the different uses of rare earths.

One thing that is common to all the rare earths is that price information is not readily available — like other critical metals, rare earth materials are not traded on a public exchange. That said, some research firms do make pricing details available on occasion, sometimes for a fee.

Ways to invest in rare earths: Supply and demand

As mentioned, each REE has different pricing and supply and demand dynamics. However, there are definitely overarching supply and demand trends in the sector.

Perhaps most notably, China accounts for the vast majority of the world’s rare earth element supply. As the world’s leading producer, China accounted for 140,000 metric tons (MT) of produced rare earths in 2020, with the US coming in a very distant second at 38,000 MT.

The strong Chinese monopoly on rare earths production has created problems in the rare earths metals market in the past. For instance, rare earths prices in the global market spiked in 2010 and 2011 when the country imposed export quotas.

The move sparked a boom in global rare earth metals exploration outside of China, but many companies that entered the space at that time fell off the radar when rare earths prices eventually fell again.

Molycorp, once North America’s only producer of rare earths, is one notable failure in the drive to produce the metals outside of China. It filed for bankruptcy in 2015.

But the story didn’t end there — MP Materials (NYSE:MP), the company that now owns Molycorp’s assets, went public in mid-2020 in a US$1.47 billion deal, and a year later was a US$6 billion company.

MP Materials is now the largest producer of rare earths in the western hemisphere, and by 2022 it intends to produce: high-purity separated neodymium and praseodymium oxide; a heavy rare earths concentrate; and lanthanum and cerium oxides and carbonates.

For its part, China no longer has REE export quotas in place. In 2014, the World Trade Organization ruled against them, and China removed the restrictions in 2015. Concern about China’s dominance resurfaced in 2019 and are ongoing as the US/China trade war continues unabated.

Outside of China, one of the world’s leading rare earth producers is Australian company Lynas (ASX:LYC,OTC Pink:LYSCF). The company mines for rare earth metals and then sends the raw materials for refining and processing at its plant in Malaysia.

Looking at the demand side, many analysts believe the need for rare earths will boom from 2021 onwards as growth rates for top end-use categories accelerate, including from the electric vehicle market and other high-tech applications.

For example, demand for dysprosium, a key material in steel manufacturing and the production of lasers, has grown as countries increase their steel standards. Aside from that, rare earth raw materials have long been used in televisions and rechargeable batteries, two industries that accounted for much of the rare earth market share before the proliferation of new technology.

Other rare earth metals are used in wind turbines, aluminum production, catalytic converters and many of the high-tech products used everyday.

Securing rare earth supply is an increasingly important issue. In addition to traditional rare earth mining, there has been growth in the rare earth recycling industry, which aims to recover REE raw materials from electronics and high-tech products in order to reuse them in new ways.

Exploring and extracting rare earth materials from deep-sea mud is one of the newest recovery methods and is gaining traction as more mining companies look offshore for resources.

 

Dig In To Find Out The Latest Outlook On Rare Earth

 

 

All The Information You Need To Make Wise Investments. Don’t miss out!

 

Ways to invest in rare earths: How to invest

The possibility of higher rare earths prices in the coming years has been one of the catalysts for investors wondering how they can invest in rare earth materials. Unfortunately, investors looking for exposure to the rare earth metals market do not have many options — buying physical rare earths is not possible, and few exchange-traded funds offer exposure to the metals.

For that reason, the most strategic and direct way to invest in the rare earths industry is through mining and exploration companies. While many such companies are located in China and are not publicly traded, there are still some that are accessible. Below is a selection of rare earths-focused companies trading on the TSXV, TSX and ASX; all had market caps of over $50 million as of July 21, 2021.

Some small-cap REE companies are also listed on those exchanges. Here’s a list of rare earth companies listed on the TSXV, TSX and ASX that had market caps of less than $50 million as of July 21, 2021:

If we missed a rare earths company that meets the above criteria, please let us know in the comments.

Don’t forget to follow us @INN_Resource for real-time news updates!

Securities Disclosure: I, Melissa Pistilli, hold no direct investment interest in any company mentioned in this article.

Editorial Disclosure: Gambier Gold, Medallion Resources and Marvel Discovery are clients of the Investing News Network. This article is not paid-for content.

 

Dig In To Find Out The Latest Outlook On Rare Earth

 

 

All The Information You Need To Make Wise Investments. Don’t miss out!

 

The post Ways to Invest in Rare Earths appeared first on Investing News Network.



















































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Energy & Critical Metals

Critical Resources nabs Mavis Lake project and foothold in established Canadian lithium province

Special Report: Critical minerals explorer Critical Resources has notched another arrow to its bow, signing a binding terms sheet with … Read More
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Critical minerals explorer Critical Resources has notched another arrow to its bow, signing a binding terms sheet with Essential Metals (ASX:ESS) and International Lithium Corporation (TSVX:ILC) for a 100% interest in the Mavis Lake lithium project in Canada.

The proposed acquisition is a big opportunity for Critical Resources (ASX:CRR) to add a high-quality critical minerals project with excellent further exploration potential to its portfolio.

Especially considering the strong outlook for the lithium market.

The price for lithium carbonate, 99.5% Li2CO3 min, battery grade, spot price CIF China, Japan, and Korea is sitting around US$26/kg.

Not to mention, Canada is a first-class low-risk mining jurisdiction which is strategically located for lithium offtake into the North American manufacturing markets – with the project close to the Trans-Canada highway and railway arteries.

Pic: Location of the Mavis Lake lithium project.

Excellent opportunity to enter the lithium market

Previous drill programs in 2018 returned high-grade lithium oxide intercepts including 55.25m at 1.04% from 82.75m, and 26.30m at 1.70% from 111.9m including 7.70m at 2.97% from 130.5m – which the company says presents significant exploration potential.

“The Mavis Lake terms sheet presents an excellent opportunity for the company to add a high-quality project to our portfolio that further increases our exposure to critical minerals,” Critical Resources (ASX:CRR) CEO Alex Biggs said.

“The company is on a trajectory to become a high growth business focused on building a project pipeline based on asset quality and exposure to in-demand minerals.

“Our focus for this year remains on the upcoming exploration of our Halls Peak base metals asset in New South Wales, Australia which we are very excited about.

“The Mavis Lake project fits all these requirements and provides an excellent entry to the lithium market with an asset that offers excellent prospectivity in a tier 1 jurisdiction.

“Due diligence is ongoing, and we will update the market in due course.”

Exclusivity fee allows due diligence 

As part of the terms of the agreement, the company will pay a total non-refundable exclusivity fee of $200,000, which provides exclusivity until 4 January 2022 – during which Critical Resources will undertake due diligence on the project.

Subject to the satisfaction of the conditions precedent, at completion the company will be required to:

  • Pay $1.5 million cash payment to the sellers;
  • Issue 68,000,000 shares in Critical Resources to the sellers (or their nominees) at an issue price of $0.022 per share (a deemed value of $1.496 million); and
  • Issue 8,000,000 fully paid ordinary shares to the deal facilitator who is a non-related party.

Milestone 1 payment and deferred consideration includes:

  • Payment of $1.50 million cash to the sellers; and
  • $100,000 of fully paid ordinary shares in Critical Resources (up to a maximum of 4,000,000 shares) to the facilitator upon definition of JORC compliant resource of not less than 5.00 million tonnes containing not less than 50,000t of Li2

Milestone 2 payment and deferred consideration includes:

  • Payment of $1.50 million cash to the sellers; and
  • $100,000 of fully paid ordinary shares (up to a maximum of 4,000,000 shares) in Critical Resources to the facilitator upon definition of JORC compliant resource of not less than 10.0 million tonnes containing not less than 100,000t of Li2

$4 million placement planned

As a condition to completion of the acquisition, Critical Resources will conduct a capital raising via a placement to professional and sophisticated investors at $0.029 per share to raise around $4 million. The company confirmed all directors will be participating in the raise.

Participants will receive one free attaching option for every three shares with an exercise price of $0.04 and expiring 3 December 2024.

The proceeds will fund

  • Halls Peak drilling: $1.5 million;
  • Mavis Lake Lithium acquisition, preliminary drilling, and associated costs: $2.15 million; and
  • Corporate and working capital: $0.350 million.

Sixty Two Capital Pty Ltd is the lead manager and on completion will be entitled to a capital raising fee of 6% of the total amount – and subject to shareholder approval, will be entitled to be granted 15,000,000 unlisted lead manager options with an exercise price of $0.04 and expiring 3 December 2024.

 


 

 

This article was developed in collaboration with Critical Resources Limited, a Stockhead advertiser at the time of publishing.

 

This article does not constitute financial product advice. You should consider obtaining independent advice before making any financial decisions.

The post Critical Resources nabs Mavis Lake project and foothold in established Canadian lithium province appeared first on Stockhead.



Author: Special Report

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Precious Metals

Current Bitcoin Fear & Greed Index

Each day, we analyze emotions and sentiments from different sources and crunch them into one simple number: The Fear & Greed Index for Bitcoin and…

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Each day, we analyze emotions and sentiments from different sources and crunch them into one simple number: The Fear & Greed Index for Bitcoin and other large cryptocurrencies.
This post by Lorimer Wilson, Managing Editor of munKNEE.com is an edited ([ ]) and abridged (…) version of an article by Alternative.me for the sake of clarity and length to ensure a fast and easy read.
<img src=”https://alternative.me/crypto/fear-and-greed-index.png” alt=”Latest Crypto Fear & Greed Index” />

Why Measure Fear and Greed?

The crypto market behaviour is very emotional. People tend to get greedy when the market is rising which results in FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out). Also, people often sell their coins in irrational reaction of seeing red numbers. With our Fear and Greed Index, we try to save you from your own emotional overreactions. There are two simple assumptions:

  • Extreme fear can be a sign that investors are too worried. That could be a buying opportunity.
  • When Investors are getting too greedy, that means the market is due for a correction.

Therefore, we analyze the current sentiment of the Bitcoin market and crunch the numbers into a simple meter from 0 to 100. Zero means “Extreme Fear”, while 100 means “Extreme Greed”. See below for further information on our data sources.

Data Sources

We are gathering data from the five following sources. Each data point is valued the same as the day before in order to visualize a meaningful progress in sentiment change of the crypto market…

1. Volatility (25 %)

We’re measuring the current volatility and max. drawdowns of bitcoin and compare it with the corresponding average values of the last 30 days and 90 days. We argue that an unusual rise in volatility is a sign of a fearful market.

2. Market Momentum/Volume (25%)

Also, we’re measuring the current volume and market momentum (again in comparison with the last 30/90 day average values) and put those two values together. Generally, when we see high buying volumes in a positive market on a daily basis, we conclude that the market acts overly greedy / too bullish.

3. Social Media (15%)

While our reddit sentiment analysis is still not in the live index (we’re still experimenting some market-related key words in the text processing algorithm), our twitter analysis is running. There, we gather and count posts on various hashtags for each coin (publicly, we show only those for Bitcoin) and check how fast and how many interactions they receive in certain time frames). A unusual high interaction rate results in a grown public interest in the coin and in our eyes, corresponds to a greedy market behaviour.

4. Dominance (10%)

The dominance of a coin resembles the market cap share of the whole crypto market. Especially for Bitcoin, we think that a rise in Bitcoin dominance is caused by a fear of (and thus a reduction of) too speculative alt-coin investments, since Bitcoin is becoming more and more the safe haven of crypto. On the other side, when Bitcoin dominance shrinks, people are getting more greedy by investing in more risky alt-coins, dreaming of their chance in the next big bull run. By analyzing the dominance for a coin other than Bitcoin, you could argue the other way round, since more interest in an alt-coin may conclude a bullish/greedy behaviour for that specific coin.

5. Trends (10%)

We pull Google Trends data for various Bitcoin related search queries and crunch those numbers, especially the change of search volumes as well as recommended other currently popular searches. For example, if you check Google Trends for “Bitcoin”, you can’t get much information from the search volume. Currently, you can see that there is a +1,550% rise of the query “bitcoin price manipulation“ in the box of related search queries (as of 05/29/2018). This is clearly a sign of fear in the market, and we use that for our index.

 

Surveys (15%) currently paused

Together with strawpoll.com (disclaimer: we own this site, too), quite a large public polling platform, we’re conducting weekly crypto polls and ask people how they see the market. Usually, we’re seeing 2,000 – 3,000 votes on each poll, so we do get a picture of the sentiment of a group of crypto investors. We don’t give those results too much attention, but it was quite useful in the beginning of our studies. You can see some recent results here.

Editor’s Note:  The author’s views and conclusions are unaltered and no personal comments have been included to maintain the integrity of the original article.  Furthermore, the views, conclusions and any recommendations offered in this article are not to be construed as an endorsement of such by the editor.

Related Articles from the munKNEE Vault:

1. Bitcoin Surges; Dollar Dives; U.S. Economic Outlook Plummets

Tuesday was all about two things – what went up and what went down – and below is a look at what happened in chart form.

2. New ETF Will Make It Easier, Safer & More Convenient To Invest In Bitcoin

A futures-based exchange-traded funds based on Bitcoin called the ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) started yesterday and I believe it will be a major factor in making the process to invest in Bitcoins considerably easier, safer, and more convenient. Here are 5 reasons why:

3. Average of 50 Bitcoin Price Predictions: End of 2021 ($71,445); By 2025 ($249,578) and $5,237,082 By 2030

Find out why 50 industry experts think Bitcoin will be worth US$71,415 by the end of 2021, before rising to US$249,578 by 2025 and why holding till 2030 will be the real payoff.

4. Bitcoin Is Going To $500,000 and the Rationale Is Simple

While there are risks, cryptocurrencies can reap huge rewards for those who make the right investment decisions. In this blog post, we discuss how to invest in cryptocurrency and what you need to know if you want to get involved!

8. Bitcoin vs. Gold: Which Is the Better Asset To Own?

Gold and Crypto are both expected to embark on their next bull run and, a disadvantage to owning one asset is often an advantage of owning the other. Therefore, we believe both deserve a place in your portfolio for at least insurance purposes.

9. Bitcoin vs Gold: A Surprising Price Correlation

It would be wise for bitcoin traders to use any kind of hedge that they can find and over the past few months, one such hedge has been, ironically, gold.

A Few Last Words: 

  • Click the “Like” buttonat the top of the page if you found this article a worthwhile read as this will help us build a bigger audience.
  • Comment belowif you want to share your opinion or perspective with other readers and possibly exchange views with them.
  • Register to receive our free Market Intelligence Report newsletter (samplehere) in the top right hand corner of this page.
  • Join us onFacebookto be automatically advised of the latest articles posted and to comment on any of them.


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The post Current Bitcoin Fear & Greed Index appeared first on munKNEE.com.


Author: Lorimer Wilson

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Energy & Critical Metals

Pegasus Resources Expands Its Uranium Assets In Saskatchewan

Pegasus Resources Inc. (TSXV:PEGA) continues to make its presence in the prolific Athabasca Basin uranium camp with the recently announced
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Pegasus Resources Inc. (TSXV:PEGA) continues to make its presence in the prolific Athabasca Basin uranium camp with the recently announced acquisition of three uranium properties at the northwest edge of the Basin. The 54,026 hectare properties comprising 13 mineral claims contain a cumulative total of 535,718 lbs of uranium, and significantly, includes a historic resource estimate of 202,200 tons at 0.119% U308 at an average width of 4.8 metres.

These new properties add to the previously announced Pine Channel uranium property which consists of six mineral claims covering 6,028 hectares and is located at the northern edge of the Athabasca basin, roughly 40 km west of the town of Stony Rapids. The Athabasca Basin in Northern Saskatchewan is host to several of the world’s largest and highest-grade uranium mines, including Cameco’s (TSX: CCO) McArthur River Mine and Cigar Lake Mine.

The Wollaston Northeast property is located in the 20A zone within the prolific Wollaston Domain, 45 kilometres northeast of the Eagle Point Uranium Mine. The property has at least eight known base metals showings and five previously documented uranium occurrences, and is considered highly prospective for basement hosted uranium mineralization.

Much of the recent renewed interest in uranium in the region is due to recent discoveries within the Wollaston Domain where the Eagle Point deposits are hosted within its basement rocks. In addition to the Eagle Point Mine, the area also hosts the historic Rabbit Lake Mine and Cameco/Orano Key Lake Mine, the world’s largest high-grade uranium mine.

The 12,397 hectare Bentley Lake Uranium Property consisting of three mineral claims, and is located 35 kilometres northeast of the edge of the Athabasca Basin, within a transition zone between the Wollaston and Mudjatic Domains. This trend is host to several major uranium deposits, including Cigar Lake, Roughrider, McArthur River and Midwest. It is located at the transition zone between the Wollaston and Mudjatik geological domains.

The third property is located approximately 40 kilometres northeast of the edge of the Athabasca Basin and within the Charlebois-Higginson Lake Uranium District. The 6,908 hectare Mozzie Lake Uranium Property consists of three mineral claims and has a historical resource estimate of 204,200 tons at 0.119% U308, with an average width of 4.8 metres, and containing 535,718 lbs of uranium. What makes the Mozzie Lake Property particularly compelling, aside from the historical resource estimate that Pegasus’s exploration efforts may be able to increase significantly, are the pegmatite deposits of the Charlebois-Higginson Lake Uranium District.

Since being initially explored from the 1940’s through to the 1960’s, there has been virtually no exploration on the property. Previous work in the region, as well as on the Pinkham Lake property at Mozzie Lake, indicated that the pegmatite deposits may also host mineralization which contains rare-earth-element bearing minerals. Rare earth minerals are in high demand today due to the needs of the various technology, consumer electronics, and electric vehicle manufacturing industries. PEGA plans to examine the property’s rare earth potential as part of its uranium exploration program at Mozzie Lake.

Pegasus will next review the historical data on the properties to determine an exploration strategy and work programs, and will provide shareholders with updates in the near future. The company’s recent announcements of the uranium assets have certainly rekindled interest in PEGA shares, and its market capitalization has increased by almost 50% to $7.98 million in recent weeks, signifying that investors are enthused about the direction management has taken.

PEGA last traded at $0.095 on the TSX Venture exchange.


FULL DISCLOSURE: Pegasus Resources is a client of Canacom Group, the parent company of The Deep Dive. The author has been compensated to cover Pegasus Resources on The Deep Dive, with The Deep Dive having full editorial control. Not a recommendation to buy or sell. Always do additional research and consult a professional before purchasing a security.

The post Pegasus Resources Expands Its Uranium Assets In Saskatchewan appeared first on the deep dive.

Author: Phil Gracin

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