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Max receives all Mining Concession Contracts for CESAR’s URU Zone

2021.11.25
After two years of vigorously surface-sampling mineralized outcrops at its CESAR copper-silver project in northeastern Colombia, Max Resource…

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This article was originally published by A Head of the Herd

2021.11.25

After two years of vigorously surface-sampling mineralized outcrops at its CESAR copper-silver project in northeastern Colombia, Max Resource Corp (TSX.V: MXR; OTC: MXROF; Frankfurt: M1D2) is preparing to drill the property, considered prospective for hosting a world-class Cu-Ag resource.

Having obtained its first Mining Concession Contract for the URU Zone Max has been exploring this year, the company on Wednesday announced the receipt of three additional Mining Concession Contracts at URU, located along the CESAR North 90-kilometer-long copper-silver belt.

“These four strategic Mining Concession Contracts provide secure tenure of the URU zone and immediately forge the way for more advanced work programs, surveys and drill permitting,” said Max’s CEO, Brett Matich, in the Nov. 24 news release.

“Achieving this critical milestone expedites Max’s first drill program at URU, being a significant event in the Cesar basin since the discovery of Cerrejón, the largest coal mine in South America and the basis for much of the critical infrastructure in the Cesar Basin,” he added. 

The four contracts encompass a total of 70 square kilometers, including a zone of copper-silver mineralization that has been identified over 48 km². This leaves plenty of room for Max to explore within and “around the edges” of the existing mineralization, which is important given that the outer limits of the Cu-Ag occurrences have not been found; URU remains open in all directions, with highlight values of 14.8% copper and 132 g/t silver, from sampling that included 13 samples in excess of 3% copper, 69 samples over 1% copper, and 14 samples greater than 15 g/t silver. Sample widths range from half a meter to 25 meters.

In Colombia, Mining Concession Contracts are granted for an initial 30-year term, and include an extension for another 30 years. The process includes a detailed Social Management Plan (SMP) followed by a public hearing with the local community.

Max has already completed the SMP with a public hearing taking place on Sept. 2, 2021, after the first contract was issued.

While Max will continue to conduct regional exploration along the 90-kilometer-long CESAR North copper-silver belt, its immediate focus is on URU. The next steps are:

  • Infill mapping and sampling of the entire 70 km²
  • Ground geophysical surveys to zero in on drill targets
  • Environmental and socio-economic surveys for drill permitting 
  • Phase one drilling of the delineated targets

This is Max’s exploration plan going forward. It’s important to recognize that this plan didn’t exist previously. It’s a new strategy. According to Matich, the company expects to do environmental baseline studies starting in December then start applying for drill permits, followed by drilling late Q1 2022. Note that the enviro-studies are not necessary for every drill permit application, meaning that drilling should proceed smoothly as more URU drill targets are identified and drill permits are applied for and granted.  

CESAR

Max has interpreted the sediment-hosted stratabound copper-silver mineralization in the Cesar Basin to be analogous to both the Central African Copper Belt (CACB) and the Polish Kupferschiefer deposits. Almost half of the copper known to exist in sediment-hosted deposits is contained in the CACB, including Ivanhoe Mines’ 95-billion-pound Kamoa-Kakula copper deposit in the Congo. 

Kupferschiefer, the world’s largest silver producer and Europe’s biggest source of copper, is an orebody ranging from 0.5 to 5.5m thick at depths of 500m, grading 1.48% Cu and 48.6 g/t Ag. The silver yield is almost twice the production of the world’s second largest silver mine.

CESAR copper-silver project location

The URU and CONEJO zones, two discoveries Max made at CESAR North this year, are among five discovery zones identified since the company took ownership of the CESAR project in late 2019.

While the northern part of the 90-km-long CESAR North has been characterized as “Kupferschiefer-style” mineralization, the southern part containing URU and CONEJO are suspected to be more “Central African” in nature.

Kupferschiefer deposits are envisioned as huge flat-lying sheets of sedimentary copper. These slabs of “copper shale” can run for several kilometers but they are relatively thin, with an average mining thickness of just 2 meters.

By comparison, CACB-type mineralization has some thickness to it, and there may be feeder zones running into the orebody.

URU Zone

To understand why Max thinks the URU Zone mineralization is Central African, take a look at Figure 3 below.

The image depicts a three-dimensional model of the URU Zone. The model shows the various mineralized occurrences, which range from 1,000 to 34,400 parts per million (ppm) copper and 5 to 656 ppm silver, presenting at surface.

As you can see the topography is mountainous. Some of the mineralization has to extend vertically. When I first saw this diagram of the terrain, I thought “that mineralization had to come from depth.”

URU 3D model shows major-scale potential

The figure below shows the URU discovery cross-section. Notice that three of the four surface sample locations with grades attached are taken from where the green “ore shoots” rise up to the surface. The fourth sample location is deeper, taken from within the porphyritic intrusion, colored red.

URU discovery cross-section

The fact that the mineralization appears to run continuously for 800m (between 400m and 1,200m) through mountainous topography strongly suggests there is a lot of volume to it — it more or less goes from base to hill-top, which could indicate a major copper-silver system emplaced throughout. The zone has been expanded to 48 square kilometers, and it remains open in all directions. That’s an exciting prospect.

URU Zone location
URU 48 km² drill target area

Conclusion

We don’t yet know how large CESAR is but we know that Max has successfully identified copper mineralization at surface in a number of areas of the 200-km-long CESAR Basin, making this a potential district-scale copper-silver system.

CONEJO stands out for the grades Max is achieving there. The zone now extends over 3.3-km of strike with average grade of 4.9% copper using a 2% cut-off — unheard of these days when copper grades over 1% are considered excellent. CONEJO doesn’t appear to have the same amount of volume as URU but the high grades suggest it wouldn’t need as much volume to delineate a resource.

URU’s grades are a little lower than CONEJO’s but the mineralization Max is encountering suggests it could have scale.

Major mining companies are only interested in large mineral deposits or deposits that are scalable to their needs. Interest in MAX’s CESAR project has been strong, with multiple non-disclosure agreements in place to advance the project, including a collaboration agreement with an industry-leading copper producer. There have been three field visits to the site from undisclosed parties.

The company keeps finding high-grade copper zones and expanding these areas, confirming the potential existence of a massive sediment-hosted system comparable to some of the biggest in the world.

Max Resource Corp.
TSX.V: MXR; OTC: MXROF; Frankfurt: M1D2
Cdn$0.21 2021.11.24
Shares Outstanding 86.3m
Market cap Cdn$21.2m
MXR website

Richard (Rick) Mills
aheadoftheherd.com
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Author: Gail Mills

Energy & Critical Metals

Arizona Sonoran Drills 80.9m of 1.43% Copper at Cactus Project – Shares Up 10.27%

Arizona Sonoran Copper Company Inc. [ASCU-TSX] reported assays from two drill holes (1,133.5 metres/3,718.9 feet)…

Arizona Sonoran Copper Company Inc. [ASCU-TSX] reported assays from two drill holes (1,133.5 metres/3,718.9 feet) in the Cactus East deposit as part of a 9,144-metre (30,000 ft) prefeasibility study (PFS) infill-to-indicated drilling program at the 100%-owned Cactus Mine project, 40 miles (64 km) southeast of the Phoenix, Arizona. Drilling targeted the oxide material along the periphery of the Cactus East preliminary economic assessment (PEA) underground mine plan, defining mineralization toward the East fault and gathering an understanding of the geometry of the fault.

Hole ECE-021, extended mineralization 61 metres (200 ft) east of the current mineral resource shell and is one the best oxide intercepts ever drilled at the Cactus project. The drill intercept of leachable material is considerably thicker and higher grade than predicted in the area at 99.1 metres (325 ft) at 1.28% copper TSol (total soluble) versus 48.8 metres (160 ft) at 0.54% copper TSol. Mineralization is open 122 metres (400 ft) north, toward the northwest-trending East fault. Follow-up drilling will be conducted to confirm the continuity of the high-grade zone to the north and east adjacent to the East fault.

The drilling demonstrates continuous leachable mineralization including extensions outward from the mineral resource pit shell by at least 61 metres (200 ft). Drill hole ECE-021 returned 1.4% copper TSol over 80.9 metres (266 ft) of oxide mineralization, including 2.21% copper TSol over 27.2 metres (89 ft). Hole ECE-020 returned 0.50% copper TSol over 100.9 metres (331 ft) of oxide mineralization.

George Ogilvie, president and CEO, commented: “The infill drilling to indicated mineral resource classification is a key program as we move towards the prefeasibility study, expected in mid-2022, and will underpin all future engineering work at Cactus. The initial high-grade oxide results are providing improved data points for the upcoming PFS, while also confirming that grades improve towards the East fault.”

A total of 265 holes for 72,255 metres (237,057 ft) have now been drilled into the Cactus West and East deposit. Since 2019, the company has drilled 127 of those holes for 30,468 m (99,959 ft). Forty-nine holes for 26,730 metres (87,698 ft) have been drilled into Cactus East.

The Cactus East underground oxide and enriched mineral resource contains 146 million pounds of copper at 0.95% TSol in the Indicated category and 315 million pounds of copper at 0.88% TSol in the Inferred category; any new drilling data will be used to support the PFS expected mid-2022.

Author: Staff Writer

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Energy & Critical Metals

High Voltage: Non-DRC cobalt projects in demand as prices hit 3-year highs

Our High Voltage column wraps all the news driving ASX stocks with exposure to lithium, cobalt, graphite, nickel, rare earths, … Read More
The post High…

Our High Voltage column wraps all the news driving ASX stocks with exposure to lithium, cobalt, graphite, nickel, rare earths, and vanadium.

 

In November, cobalt metal prices in Europe rose by 10.4% to punch through the $US30/lb mark for the first time since late 2018.

This late year rally is underpinned by strong demand side fundamentals, limited metal production in China, logistical bottlenecks, and a bullish outlook for battery sector demand heading into 2022, says Benchmark Mineral Intelligence.

Benchmark expects prices to rise steadily into the New Year, “with some market contacts indicating that they expect prices to break the $35/lb level before year-end”.

“Indeed, Benchmark sources have indicated that cobalt metal demand from the battery industry in Europe and Japan is set to increase substantially in 2022,” it says.


 

Cobalt customers diversifying away from the DRC

The landlocked Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a global giant when it comes to cobalt production. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the DRC produced 95,000 tonnes of cobalt in 2020, accounting for 68% of global output.

It’s where China – the world’s biggest consumer by far — gets ~90% of its supply.

But some high-profile supply agreements have shown that European consumers are committed to diversifying away from problematic Chinese and DRC supply chains, Benchmark says.

“To an extent, supply chain players have shown willingness to accept higher costs in order to ensure ESG targets are met, making products more appealing to global automakers,” it says.

That includes prospective Norwegian cell producer, FREYR, which signed a supply contract with Glencore for 1,500 tonnes of cobalt metal in the form of ‘cut cathode’, sourced from Glencore’s Nikkelverk refinery in Norway.

Nikkelverk uses concentrate from Canada and recycled material as feed.

“Generally, cobalt metal in the form of cut cathode has not been utilised by the battery industry for conversion into cobalt sulphate, due to extended dissolution times and therefore higher conversion costs than more conventional cobalt metal briquettes, broken cathode and hydroxide,” Benchmark says.

 

Where’s is the non-DRC cobalt coming from?

Cobalt supply is expected to be dominated by the DRC for the foreseeable future.

That underscores the importance of cobalt projects in ‘de risked’ tier 1 jurisdictions – like those owned by Jervois Mining (ASX:JRV), Australian Mines (ASX:AUZ)Sunrise Energy Metals (ASX:SRL) Queensland Pacific Metals (ASX:QPM)Cobalt Blue (ASX:COB), red hot IPO Kuniko (ASX:KNI) and Metals X’s (ASX:MLX) nickel-cobalt spin-out Nico Resources, which is gearing up to list in December or January.

NOW READ: Cobalt stocks guide: Here’s everything you need to know

 

Battery Metals Winners and Losers

Here’s how a basket of ASX stocks with exposure to lithium, cobalt, graphite, nickel, rare earths, and vanadium are performing>>>

Battery metals stocks missing from our list? Email [email protected]

CODE COMPANY 1 WEEK RETURN % 1 MONTH RETURN % 6 MONTH RETURN % 1 YEAR RETURN % SHARE PRICE MARKET CAP
ADD Adavale Resources -10 -31 -62 -25 0.038 $ 12,987,708.88
AML Aeon Metals -8 -23 -57 -68 0.0395 $ 33,618,703.60
ALY Alchemy Resource -8 -8 -30 -41 0.011 $ 10,475,793.79
ARN Aldoro Resources -11 -18 25 153 0.405 $ 36,010,003.55
ARN Aldoro Resources -11 -18 25 153 0.405 $ 36,010,003.55
AKE Allkem Limited -10 -13 23 115 8.54 $ 5,431,717,992.72
AJM Altura Mining 0 0 0 0 0.063161 $ 214,798,472.24
ARR American Rare Earths 3 -3 101 65 0.165 $ 57,661,907.16
ATM Aneka Tambang -5 -5 5 5 1.05 $ 1,368,831.45
ASN Anson Resources -19 -28 67 209 0.105 $ 102,139,928.00
ARU Arafura Resource -8 -18 16 76 0.185 $ 271,323,033.10
AXE Archer Materials -3 -29 61 117 1.16 $ 264,896,911.49
ARL Ardea Resources 8 12 16 22 0.52 $ 69,415,109.50
ADV Ardiden 0 -15 10 -45 0.011 $ 24,763,356.59
AGY Argosy Minerals 0 -20 168 277 0.26 $ 291,300,489.87
AZL Arizona Lithium -9 -30 203 727 0.091 $ 153,533,049.83
AAJ Aruma Resources -13 -22 6 -36 0.067 $ 8,187,497.70
AOU Auroch Minerals -15 -29 -42 -29 0.11 $ 38,871,786.47
AQD Ausquest Limited -6 0 -26 -6 0.017 $ 14,834,686.01
A8G Australasian Metals -11 -38 170 0.445 $ 17,626,722.30
AUZ Australian Mines -2 -18 14 31 0.0205 $ 86,071,182.28
AVL Australian Vanadium -4 23 35 80 0.027 $ 88,598,045.86
AR3 Austrare -11 23 0.92 $ 69,405,891.67
AVZ AVZ Minerals 3 21 300 588 0.64 $ 1,818,267,564.20
AZS Azure Minerals 0 -4 18 -59 0.335 $ 96,328,073.51
BMM Balkanminingandmin -16 -45 0.375 $ 11,462,500.00
BHP BHP Group 4 11 -18 -4 40.03 $ 116,800,452,688.46
BKT Black Rock Mining 10 -6 29 150 0.22 $ 160,116,424.41
BEM Blackearth Minerals -4 -4 0 150 0.115 $ 22,826,503.04
BSX Blackstone -6 -9 49 45 0.535 $ 199,514,439.33
BOA Boadicea Resources 5 8 -20 -14 0.2 $ 15,928,478.48
BRB Breaker Res NL -12 -28 61 66 0.29 $ 92,864,664.77
BUX Buxton Resources -1 -18 -34 22 0.079 $ 11,020,489.99
CAE Cannindah Resources -16 -64 203 538 0.185 $ 89,032,517.47
CWX Carawine Resources -3 -5 -21 -34 0.185 $ 25,861,303.37
CLA Celsius Resource -15 -15 -49 -50 0.022 $ 23,187,517.78
CTM Centaurus Metals 0 2 56 81 1.03 $ 343,729,052.00
CHN Chalice Mining -2 36 1 143 9.24 $ 3,219,609,409.18
CHR Charger Metals -1 -23 0.41 $ 12,972,569.18
COB Cobalt Blue -12 -18 -4 176 0.345 $ 106,088,145.69
CNJ Conico 0 -5 16 3 0.036 $ 37,007,950.34
CZN Corazon -6 -11 -13 -45 0.033 $ 9,834,831.06
CXO Core Lithium 1 -17 104 546 0.53 $ 792,701,302.80
DEV Devex Resources -9 97 36 131 0.6 $ 164,946,583.73
EGR Ecograf Limited -21 3 6 254 0.655 $ 292,716,748.35
ESS Essential Metals -8 -27 77 101 0.175 $ 38,646,395.84
ESR Estrella Res -19 -24 -61 -79 0.025 $ 29,426,093.50
EUR European Lithium -4 -41 72 134 0.11 $ 113,449,884.24
EMH European Metals -4 -7 -4 77 1.335 $ 171,721,393.80
FFX Firefinch 17 18 107 379 0.755 $ 744,489,789.30
FGR First Graphene 5 11 -11 -9 0.21 $ 115,525,407.06
FRS Forrestaniaresources -17 -43 0.27 $ 7,854,000.00
GLN Galan Lithium -6 -16 97 310 1.415 $ 407,127,267.81
GAL Galileo Mining -13 -7 -25 -13 0.21 $ 36,207,979.08
GL1 Globallith -5 -6 109 0.565 $ 59,267,194.57
GME GME Resources -12 -23 -11 2 0.053 $ 33,857,473.43
GED Golden Deeps 8 8 0 -7 0.013 $ 10,086,068.72
G88 Golden Mile Resources 2 0 -15 4 0.052 $ 8,892,953.06
GBR Great Boulder Resources 0 -13 35 182 0.135 $ 46,440,655.17
GSR Greenstone Resources -10 4 18 -13 0.026 $ 21,791,124.60
GW1 Greenwing Resources -9 -15 37 105 0.41 $ 45,743,644.65
HNR Hannans 0 -18 435 524 0.037 $ 91,219,501.66
HAS Hastings Tech Met -8 -8 38 62 0.235 $ 399,844,863.44
HXG Hexagon Energy -1 -25 -14 23 0.079 $ 33,005,023.20
HYM Hyperion Metals 0 -10 -13 239 0.865 $ 115,775,447.53
IGO IGO -3 9 29 97 9.91 $ 7,610,541,520.65
ILU Iluka Resources 3 -2 10 52 8.66 $ 3,724,180,609.60
IPT Impact Minerals -7 -7 -13 -38 0.013 $ 26,309,333.95
INF Infinity Lithium 0 -22 161 13 0.175 $ 62,113,418.40
INR Ioneer -4 -23 79 110 0.61 $ 1,179,065,329.43
IXR Ionic Rare Earths -7 5 46 116 0.041 $ 139,088,380.07
JRV Jervois Global -2 -2 -3 54 0.52 $ 789,259,048.24
JRL Jindalee Resources -12 -20 -26 160 2.13 $ 116,323,526.90
LKE Lake Resources -5 -25 204 925 0.82 $ 932,447,770.11
LEG Legend Mining -2 -17 -63 -50 0.05 $ 137,756,786.05
LPD Lepidico -8 -6 196 381 0.0385 $ 230,156,181.06
LML Lincoln Minerals 0 0 0 0 0.008 $ 4,599,869.49
LTR Liontown Resources -21 -24 165 519 1.455 $ 3,178,310,228.03
LEL Lithenergy -15 -31 76 0.74 $ 33,075,000.00
LIT Lithium Australia NL -6 -17 -6 88 0.1125 $ 112,757,141.53
LPI Lithium Pwr Int -3 -12 128 65 0.445 $ 149,971,034.64
LOT Lotus Resources -2 -6 45 243 0.305 $ 276,596,517.36
LYC Lynas Rare Earths 5 22 64 122 8.91 $ 8,302,186,296.80
MNS Magnis Energy Tech -12 -24 60 158 0.465 $ 425,642,809.24
MAN Mandrake Res -12 -21 -82 -57 0.045 $ 22,582,351.79
MLS Metals Australia 0 25 25 25 0.0025 $ 10,477,114.72
MLX Metals X 24 34 83 421 0.495 $ 449,096,703.17
MCR Mincor Resources -2 -10 17 17 1.2 $ 576,373,358.40
MRC Mineral Commodities -13 -29 -59 -74 0.1 $ 51,894,091.50
MIN Mineral Resources -1 18 -7 29 44.69 $ 8,307,520,781.89
MMC Mitremining -5 -5 0.2 $ 5,552,445.50
MOH Moho Resources -8 2 -20 -44 0.059 $ 7,420,748.72
MRD Mount Ridley Mines 14 14 14 167 0.008 $ 42,311,506.41
NMT Neometals -3 -5 102 369 1.025 $ 570,311,451.84
NWC New World Resources -8 -17 -35 21 0.068 $ 109,499,115.02
NIC Nickel Mines -4 31 24 34 1.33 $ 3,508,465,526.15
NKL Nickelx -5 -19 -30 0.105 $ 5,811,750.00
NTU Northern Min -15 0 61 51 0.053 $ 247,605,406.27
NVADB Nova Minerals 1 -7 -13 -28 1.26 $ 214,804,507.20
OZL OZ Minerals 3 10 4 41 26.4 $ 8,851,866,433.69
PAM Pan Asia Metals -11 -16 190 223 0.42 $ 30,936,630.48
PAN Panoramic Resources -5 0 27 50 0.21 $ 430,691,940.84
PEKDA Peak Resources 21 18 -38 13 0.8 $ 142,132,523.39
PNN PepinNini Minerals -11 -33 57 150 0.425 $ 20,016,966.45
PLL Piedmont Lithium -1 -12 -14 120 0.78 $ 419,473,336.00
PLS Pilbara Min -6 0 78 231 2.36 $ 6,991,222,392.20
PGM Platina Resources -20 -18 -35 9 0.051 $ 23,456,646.47
POS Poseidon Nickel 0 2 13 29 0.088 $ 266,564,478.76
PSC Prospect Resources -3 37 294 348 0.65 $ 261,399,356.35
PRL Province Resources -8 -5 -8 996 0.1425 $ 158,152,373.54
PUR Pursuit Minerals -18 -21 -67 35 0.027 $ 23,425,347.90
PVW PVW Resources 8 3 210 210 0.465 $ 30,479,625.00
QEM QEM 0 -3 0 128 0.18 $ 19,849,083.28
QPM Queensland Pacific -10 -16 28 363 0.185 $ 223,676,166.62
QXR Qx Resources -4 -24 38 47 0.022 $ 12,888,884.10
RFR Rafaella Resources -10 -26 -37 -23 0.06 $ 12,016,772.33
REE RareX -1 4 22 -18 0.099 $ 44,707,727.20
RMX Red Mount Min -15 -15 -23 -23 0.0085 $ 13,180,124.72
RLC Reedy Lagoon -25 -33 67 114 0.03 $ 16,200,784.98
RNU Renascor Resources 0 -15 34 900 0.11 $ 198,305,746.80
RBX Resource Base -2 5 488 488 0.2 $ 7,989,517.00
RXL Rox Resources 0 0 -24 -54 0.365 $ 59,102,855.25
S2R S2 Resources -19 3 10 -32 0.17 $ 60,583,725.35
SBR Sabre Resources 0 -17 0 -50 0.005 $ 8,446,568.25
SYA Sayona Mining -15 -23 95 1382 0.115 $ 775,621,717.75
SRI Sipa Resources -2 -11 -14 -29 0.049 $ 9,841,190.54
SGQ St George Mining 5 -6 -26 -49 0.061 $ 35,940,647.16
STK Strickland Metals -3 -22 113 34 0.068 $ 80,099,692.35
SLZ Sultan Resources 0 -11 -41 -32 0.16 $ 11,125,502.24
SRL Sunrise 0 -9 -15 -31 1.755 $ 166,607,076.15
SYR Syrah Resources -6 -12 3 9 1.105 $ 546,114,521.69
TLG Talga Group -24 -28 -12 -26 1.365 $ 418,968,713.63
TMT Technology Metals -6 -16 3 -14 0.31 $ 63,135,030.90
TNG TNG Limited -17 -44 -4 -25 0.067 $ 99,966,111.98
TKL Traka Resources -14 -20 -33 -48 0.012 $ 8,709,510.52
TON Triton Minerals -3 -3 18 -22 0.039 $ 45,378,722.68
VR8 Vanadium Resources -9 -18 19 152 0.063 $ 29,332,967.19
VMC Venus Metals 0 -3 -16 -20 0.175 $ 27,194,162.94
VIA Viagold Rare Earths 0 0 2339 10426 2 $ 166,624,808.00
VML Vital Metals Limited -7 -4 -10 44 0.052 $ 212,439,637.28
VRC Volt Resources -4 -4 -18 135 0.027 $ 69,583,206.03
VUL Vulcan Energy -6 -21 20 360 9.79 $ 1,137,856,640.55
WKT Walkabout Resources 0 -3 3 15 0.19 $ 74,989,655.48
KNI Kuniko 8 -34 42 42 1.21 $ 49,980,000.00

 

The post High Voltage: Non-DRC cobalt projects in demand as prices hit 3-year highs appeared first on Stockhead.









Author: Reuben Adams

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Base Metals

Copper’s Essential Role in Protecting Public Health

Copper can kill up to 99.9% of bacteria on surfaces within two hours of exposure and slow the spread of diseases.
The post Copper’s Essential Role in…

The following content is sponsored by Teck

Copper’s Essential Role in Protecting Public Health

Copper’s Essential Role in Protecting Public Health

Every day, high-touch surfaces present health risks to people in public spaces, and especially the most vulnerable in healthcare. In fact, of every 100 hospitalized patients at any given time, seven will get at least one healthcare-acquired or “hospital infection”.

With naturally antimicrobial properties, copper can kill up to 99.9% of bacteria on surfaces within two hours of exposure and slow the spread of diseases.

In this infographic from our sponsor Teck, we explore copper’s bacteria-fighting abilities and its crucial role in public health.

How Copper Kills Bacteria

Due to its powerful antimicrobial properties, copper kills bacteria in sequential steps:

  • First, copper ions on the surface are recognized by the bacteria as an essential nutrient and enter cell.
  • Then, a lethal dose of copper ions interferes with normal cell functions.
  • Finally, the copper binds to the enzymes, impeding the cell from breathing, eating, digesting, or creating energy.

This rapid killing mechanism prevents cells from replicating on copper surfaces and significantly reduces the amount of bacteria living on the surface.

Antimicrobial copper is effective against bacteria that causes common diseases like staph infections and E. coli that causes foodborne illness. The metal continuously kills bacteria and never wears out.

Besides bacteria, researchers are currently studying copper’s impacts on the virus that causes COVID-19. A previous study suggested that SARS-CoV-2 was completely destroyed within four hours on copper surfaces, as compared to 24 hours on cardboard, and up to three days on plastic and stainless steel. Pre-pandemic studies also demonstrated copper’s ability to kill other coronaviruses.

The Applications of Antimicrobial Copper

Institutions around the world have already deployed antimicrobial copper solutions relating to hospitals, fitness centers, mass transit systems, schools, professional sports teams, office buildings, restaurants, and more.

To date, antimicrobial copper has been installed in more than 300 healthcare facilities around the world. Taking the reduced costs of shorter patient stay and treatment into consideration, the payback time for installing copper fittings is only two months, according to an independent study by the University of York’s Health Economics Consortium.

In Canada, Teck has worked with its partners to install antimicrobial copper coatings on high-touch surfaces in hospitals, educational buildings and transit.

The Stanley Cup champions Los Angeles Kings have installed antimicrobial copper surfaces in their strength and training facility in California. Furthermore, over 50 water bottle filling stations made from antimicrobial copper can also be found throughout the Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta.

Copper’s Role in Public Health

While many hospitals and other institutions are already using copper fittings, others are still not aware of its impactful properties.

As awareness increases, copper can become a simple but effective material to help control the spread of infections.

The post Copper’s Essential Role in Protecting Public Health appeared first on Visual Capitalist.


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