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A Revised Comparison Of Gold, Silver, Platinum & Copper

Here’s an updated analysis of physical gold, silver, platinum and copper regarding their respective versatility of use, durability, fungibility, store…

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This article was originally published by Munknee
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Here’s an updated analysis of physical gold, silver, platinum and copper regarding their respective versatility of use, durability, fungibility, store of value, liquidity and aesthetics.

Physical Properties Comparison

Table 1 below shows the physical properties of gold, silver, platinum and copper:@Gold&Silver

Physical Property Gold Silver Platinum Copper
Density (g/cm3) 19.30 10.49 21.45 8.94
Electrical Conductivity (S/m) 4.1×107 6.30×107 9.43×106 5.96×107
Reactivity Series (no units) #2 #3 #1 #5
Thermal Conductivity (W.m-1.K-1) 318 429 71.6 401
Young’s Modulus (GPa) 79 83 168 110-128
Hardness (Mohs scale) 2.5 2.5 4.25 3.0

If you didn’t graduate with honors in chemistry you needn’t worry – I have described each of the physical properties below:  

  • Density
    • Platinum has the highest density of the four metals which means that you can fit more mass of platinum in the same amount of volume than gold, silver or copper.
  • Electrical Conductivity
    • Silver possesses the greatest ability to conduct an electric current through its structure.
  • Reactivity Series
    • Platinum is the least reactive, followed by gold, silver, mercury and copper. This is why gold artifacts that have been buried for thousands of years have little to no tarnish on them – and why that long-lost silver vase of yours will need some polishing before it looks presentable for the mantelpiece.
  • Thermal Conductivity
    • Silver has the greatest ability to transfer heat through its structure than any of the other metals.
  • Young’s Modulus
    • Gold has the greatest ability to be hammered and stretched into long and flat shapes before losing its structural integrity.
  • Hardness
    • Platinum is the hardest of the four precious metals. This means that you will have more success in scratching a bar of gold with a platinum coin than the other way around.

It is now not very difficult to imagine how the physical properties of these metals have influenced their evolution over the centuries from jewelry to money to a presently ever-growing list of industrial and scientific applications but how do they stack up on a price-to-physical-property value scale?

Ratio of Prices of Each Per Unit of Physical Property

In Table 2 below I have presented the current prices (USD/ozt as of December 6th, 2021) of these metals and the corresponding ratios of prices-per-unit-of-physical-property from Table 1.

Gold Silver Platinum Copper
Dec. 6, 2021 Price (USD/ozt) $1779.50 $22.26 $1203.20 $0.27109
RATIO PRICE DIVIDED BY PHYSICAL PROPERTY IN FIGURE 1
Density 92.2 2.12 56.1 0.033
Electrical Conductivity**  ?  ?  ?  ?
Thermal Conductivity 5.596 0.052 16.8 0.000676
Young’s Modulus 22.53 0.268 7.162 0.0025/0.0021
Hardness 711.8 8.90 283.1 0.0904

**[Editor’s Note: Higher mathematics is not my forte so I was not able to do the required calculations. If you can, it would be appreciated if you advised me of the numbers in the comment section below. Thank you.]

As can be clearly seen from Table 2, if you want to get decent bang for your electrical buck – or any other buck for that matter – copper stands out as being the best value-for-money. Of course, everyone already knows this.

What useful information is…[ to be had]  from the above figures in Tables 1 and 2?…

Despite silver’s better electrical and thermal conductivity and similar Young’s Modulus to gold, its price ratio in these three physical properties makes it appear to be extremely cheaper than gold. As such, one may conclude that currently silver is a much better investment than gold.

What about platinum and its unusually low price relative to gold today? Historically platinum has traded at a premium to gold. While today you will get a better bang for your buck if you use gold for electrical and thermal conductivity applications rather than platinum, copper trumps both of these metals in that regard so the price difference between gold and platinum must be coming from a different use of the metals.

Store-of-value Potential

…Clearly a coin or bar made from platinum will be a better store of value – at current prices – than gold. Why? Simply because platinum:

  • is harder (won’t scratch),
  • less reactive (won’t tarnish) and
  • occupies a smaller volume (easier to store) than gold.

[Nevertheless,] the market seems to think that these physical properties are deficient to something else. Perhaps it comes down to the possibility that:

  • central banks simply can’t get enough platinum bullion (due to its rarity in the earth) to make it worth their while to replace their gold bullion or perhaps that
  • platinum has been unable to (in its short existence) shake off gold as the true form of money.

Conclusion

Whatever the case may be for you, I believe that an analysis of precious metals from a physical property perspective not only raises interesting questions but may also yield some valuable insights….

The above article, prepared by Lorimer Wilson, editor of munKNEE.com – Your KEY To Making Money! consists of edited excerpts* from the original article by Krassen Ratchev
(*The author’s views and conclusions are unaltered and no personal comments have been included to maintain the integrity of the original article. Furthermore, the views, conclusions and any recommendations offered in this article are not to be construed as an endorsement of such by the editor.)

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Author: Lorimer Wilson

Economics

This Isn’t the Time to Buy Shiba Inu

It’s not been the easiest couple of months for cryptocurrency. The major cryptos have slumped in price as investor sentiment has waned. Meanwhile, it’s…

It’s not been the easiest couple of months for cryptocurrency. The major cryptos have slumped in price as investor sentiment has waned. Meanwhile, it’s a bloodbath in smaller altcoins. Shiba Inu (CCC:SHIB-USD), for example, has slumped from a peak of 0.000080 last summer to just 0.000025 now.

Concept red tokens for the Shiba Inu (SHIB) cryptocurrency.Source: Shutterstock

That represents a more than 60% decline for Shiba Inu holders since the peak back in October. Shiba’s decline is hardly extraordinary. Other animal-themed cryptos such as Dogecoin (CCC:DOGE-USD) have suffered painful losses as well.

A general sense of apathy is starting to set in across the crypto ecosystem. El Salvador’s highly-anticipated Bitcoin experiment appears to be struggling. Rating agency Moody’s just downgraded that country’s debt, citing rising risk from its Bitcoin experiment.

This will likely slow adoption by other foreign governments. For another, prominent crypto exchange Crypto.com just got hit with a major hack, and lost $15 million of funds. Those are just two of the various headwinds affecting the crypto market right now.

A Rough Time for Bitcoin and Crypto

Bitcoin has lost roughly 40% of its value since its recent peak. And the carnage is much worse in most of the smaller cryptocurrencies and tokens. Liquidity is drying up across many non-fungible token (NFT) and other such new projects and ecosystems.

This seems to be coming in part due to the huge drop in speculative growth and technology assets. The Federal Reserve has indicated that it will be rapidly tightening monetary policy and is leaning toward imminent rate hikes as well. This should serve as a deflationary force to counteract last year’s rapid climb in both asset and consumer product prices.

In times of diminishing market liquidity, risky assets with minimal profits and cash flows tend to fall the most quickly. Cryptocurrency, inherently, generates very little in economic profit. Much of the interest in crypto, by contrast, is to hedge again runaway inflation and out-of-control central bankers.

With the Fed slamming the breaks on inflation and speculative assets, however, crypto has fallen into a major slump. This slide has spread into crypto-related equities as well. Names such as Microstrategy (NASDAQ:MSTR) and crypto bank Silvergate Capital (NYSE:SI) have plummeted in recent weeks.

During Bear Markets, Stick to Quality

There’s a well-known pattern in investing. During rising bull markets, you see a dispersion across various assets. The concentration of funds in leading assets declines. People sell some of their larger more stable holdings to take a chance on smaller, newer, or riskier plays. As it pertains to stocks, this would be people selling down their FAANG holdings to buy an exciting new electric vehicle or quantum computing kind of stock.

Within crypto, you can see this concentration by looking at the portion of funds in major coins. During good times, the dominance — or market share — of Bitcoin (CCC:BTC-USD), Ethereum (CCC:ETH-USD) and other leaders will fall. People sell some of their BTC and buy hot new emerging projects. Or perhaps even meme tokens.

During bear markets, such as what crypto faces now, however, people return to the safe havens. Anything with a shaky or uncertain future is sold, and the funds are moved back into more secure plays such as Bitcoin or Stablecoins tied to the value of the U.S. Dollar. While Bitcoin is down 40% from its peak, many smaller cryptos are off 70%, 80%, or even more over the same stretch.

A big part of quality, as it pertains to crypto, is utility. Does the coin or token accomplish much actual function for users? Bitcoin is a store of value and has the biggest brand. Ethereum has the most well-known decentralized finance “DeFi” platform with lots of lending applications on it. Solana (CCC:SOL-USD) has emerged as a low-cost alternative for new crypto projects such as NFT collections. But what is Shiba Inu useful for? As of now, there’s almost no utility to the Shiba Inu token.

Bottom Line

Cryptocurrency is in a difficult place right now. Liquidity is down. The Federal Reserve is reining in excessive speculation in financial markets. Hackers have hit crypto in recent days. And the list goes on. This is not an easy time to be allocating funds to the cryptocurrency marketplace.

Given that backdrop, traders should stick to high-quality cryptos for the time being. If and when the quality names find their footing, then it might be time to start diving deeper into the lower-tier altcoins. For now, though, tokens such as Shiba Inu that have little value beyond their memetic appeal will remain in the doghouse.

On the date of publication, Ian Bezek did not have (either directly or indirectly) any positions in the securities mentioned in this article. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the writer, subject to the InvestorPlace.com Publishing Guidelines.

Ian Bezek has written more than 1,000 articles for InvestorPlace.com and Seeking Alpha. He also worked as a Junior Analyst for Kerrisdale Capital, a sizable New York City-based hedge fund. You can reach him on Twitter at @irbezek.

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Author: Ian Bezek

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Economics

Commodities: Oil rally pauses, Gold lower, Bitcoin breaks $40k

Oil Energy traders were not surprised to see the oil price rally slow down.  WTI crude fell after a surprise build with US stockpiles and following a…

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Oil

Energy traders were not surprised to see the oil price rally slow down.  WTI crude fell after a surprise build with US stockpiles and following a bloodbath on Wall Street that sent risky assets into freefall. Crude prices may not have a one-way ticket to $100 oil, but the supply-side fundamentals certainly support that could happen by the summer.  The next few trading sessions could be difficult for energy traders as oil prices may move more so on investor positioning ahead of Wednesday’s FOMC policy decision and over a handful of brewing geopolitical risks, that include Russia-Ukraine tensions, Iran nuclear talks, and developments with global handling over North Korea. 

The crude demand outlook is also providing steadily positive support for oil prices throughout the rest of the year.  Schlumberger CEO Olivier Le Peuch, noted, “Absent any further COVID-related disruption, oil demand is expected to exceed pre-pandemic levels before the end of the year and to further strengthen in 2023.” The oil market should remain very tight and if we have any disruptions to productions, that should easily send prices much higher. 

Gold

Gold prices edged lower as commodities got punished after Wall Street entered into a major de-risking mode.  Normally gold performs well when Treasury yields drop, but today was all about going back to cash. Earnings have underwhelmed and fears of how the economy will handle higher interest rates has many investors concerned that risky assets could continue to slide further next week. 

Given that large parts of the economy will still perform well this year despite higher borrowing costs, gold will eventually find the right balance of becoming both a safe-haven and inflation hedge.  Gold most likely won’t be vulnerable to an excessive panic-selling market selloff given how strong the economy is positioned, so if prices can break past the $1850 barrier post-Fed, the path to $1900 should be there. 

Bitcoin

Bitcoin has quickly gone from a consolidation pattern to the house of pain.  The world’s largest crypto plunged as crypto traders de-risk portfolios following the bloodbath in stocks and in advance of next week’s FOMC policy meeting. Risky assets did not stand a chance today and momentum selling accelerated after Bitcoin broke below $40,000 level. Bitcoin remains in the danger zone and if $37,000 breaks, there is not much support until the $30,000 level.   






Author: Ed Moya

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Economics

US Close: Market jitters ahead of Fed and massive earnings week, Netflix tanks

Wall Street has gone from debating how aggressive one should rotate out of tech into cyclicals, to sell it all. US stocks have been on a rollercoaster…

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Wall Street has gone from debating how aggressive one should rotate out of tech into cyclicals, to sell it all. US stocks have been on a rollercoaster ride after abysmal results from Netflix. Investors have two big worries:  it seems every day traders are reminded inflationary pressures are not going away anytime soon and could prompt the Fed into becoming overly aggressive in tightening monetary policy. The other concern is that profit growth expectations may have been too optimistic and underpriced in the ballooning labor costs. Geopolitical risks are also adding fuel to the selling pressure.

Next week will be massive for tech earnings as Apple, Microsoft, Tesla, and Samsung report. Netflix shocked and if the other mega-cap giants hugely disappoint, the Nasdaq will be in trouble.

Netflix

Netflix shares collapsed over 20% after delivering disappointing subscriber guidance for the first quarter.  The streaming giant acknowledged that the competition has intensified and the impact to COVID disruptions is still being felt. The company is still posting strong revenue numbers and has a strong revenue outlook and has growth potential outside of North America.

It comes as no surprise that after today’s plunge, at least nine firms lowered their ratings for Netflix.  Netflix is still the king of content and while this is the first heavyweight to post a rather disappointing outlook, it really isn’t that bad.  The mega-cap stock’s overall subscriber growth for the past few quarters was solid, and it could easily be expected that the first quarter would be soft as many people will be returning to pre-COVID behavior. 





Author: Ed Moya

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