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The Central Bank Quandary: Inflation Vs Recovery

The Central Bank Quandary: Inflation Vs Recovery

Authored by Bill Blain via MorningPorridge.com,

“The way to crush the bourgeoisie is to…

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This article was originally published by Zero Hedge

The Central Bank Quandary: Inflation Vs Recovery

Authored by Bill Blain via MorningPorridge.com,

“The way to crush the bourgeoisie is to grind them between the millstones of taxation and inflation”

Jay Powell keeps his job and faces the inflation quandary – hiking rates too soon risks recovery, but inflation needs addressed. The likelihood is lower rates for longer – which will juice euphoric markets further. What’s the alternative? Stop buying financial assets and buy the real economy!

Jay Powell got to keep his job at the Fed while Lael Brainard gets the number 2 slot. What does it mean? It’s a bit of a Parson’s egg – good in parts. Reappointing Powell to the top job removes some of the uncertainty a new Fed Head could have caused, while Brainard is widely expected to tighten the Fed’s focus on regulation, which will partially satisfy Leftist Democrats demanding change. The market responded strongly – the S&P hitting a new high before Asia shrugged off the news this morning: classic buy the news, then take the profit and move on to the next thing.

The key issues for the Fed, for all central banks, is the inflation quandary. Is inflation real and long-lasting, or not? Listening to the pair of them last night, Powel and Brainard committed to protecting the great American public from inflation and creating new jobs to the replace the 8 million that seem to have simply vanished from the US economy. That’s a pretty clear signal.

The key question is when will rates rise? Don’t hold your breath.

Like many market watchers, I don’t accept inflation is “Transitory”, even though the trigger for the current inflation rise was certainly a series of cascading supply chain shocks as the global economy re-opened. These will be fixed, but they already kicked off consequences – which are now being felt across the global economy.

The supply chain shock catalysed real inflation triggers across the economy. Wage inflation is one aspect. Businesses are being forced to pay up for staff reluctant or unavailable to return to work. That’s been particularly clear in the details; like ageing HGV drivers retiring and no-one testing new drivers, the shortage of Catering Staff after they’ve gone to become delivery workers, and builders, engineers, etc who’ve found staying at home more life-rewarding.

They all want paid more to go back to the past. There expectations have been exacerbated by energy and food price spikes hitting household wallets, further pressuring the long-term push on wage demands, which is further fuelled by headline busting pay settlements – meaning everyone feels more entitled to be paid more. Exactly the same process happens across all aspects of the economy – cost push inflation.

But should Central Banks act on inflation? That could be a major policy mistake.

Policy mistakes by Governments and Central Banks are a massive market risk. Consumer confidence remains weak in the wake of the virus and the cost increases populations are seeing every day. If you hike taxes to pay the pandemic bills, and rein in government spending on infrastructure and social services, at a time when interest rates are being managed up – as the UK Conservative Government plans – that’s unlikely to end well. It’s more likely to create an unvirtuous stagflationary cyclone than boost recovery.

Which may be why central bankers – who aren’t daft – are sticking with the transitory arguments even though they can see real inflation on the rise. They are probably right – rising interest rates won’t speed up supply chain repairs, and will only deepen demands from workers for higher wages to cover their increasing borrowing costs.

It’s a frying pan/fire choice, but expect Central Bankers to err on the side of low rates. They will likely remain lower for longer. Meanwhile, Global Central banks will also remain accommodative. They may tweak QE bond buying programmes, more to remind markets they can. They will likely wait for the post pandemic recovery to stabilise and then act on wage inflation, hoping it won’t have metastasised into something more dangerous.

And if rates remain low… then keep you market buying boots laced up tight, keep buying and keep dancing… As long as rates look artificially low, then the relative attractions of equity to bonds scream… Buy, Buy, Buy!

Oh dear…. That means buying into a market that’s clearly overvalued, driven by a mispriced approach to risk, increasing corporate buybacks (as corporates leverage up on stupidly cheap debt), a declining earnings outlook and about one trillion other reasons to be nervous…

Maybe it’s worth going back to basics to understand how to play markets in this environment?

I recently received an email from a reader asking me to explain how bond markets work, how they’ve been impacted by ultralow interest rates, and what’s the alternative. She’s read a piece warning bond yields are completely out of whack with reality. What should she be doing with her savings – she asked. The regulations mean I can’t give investment advice. I can only advise institutional investors, and only if they pay for – say the rules. Which is why you must never, ever, never regard the Morning Porridge as advice, just commentary. (If I was a 25 year-old Gen-Z ranting on a YouTube video about what a great company Tesla is or how fantastic it is to HODL cryptocurrency, its ok… apparently.)

Anyway, on the basis I am not giving advice, let’s quickly remind ourselves of the basis of Financial Asset markets:

  • Equity investors are optimists who live in the perpetual hope of seeing their returns explode exponentially from picking the right winners! They crave excitement, stories, themes, and the “narrative”.

  • Debt investors are pessimists who care about getting repaid their principal and interest. Dull, boring and predictable works for them.

The price of equity is determined by just how excited the market voting machine gets. The price of a bond is determined by yield – which is a function of credit (the underlying risks) and interest rates. If rates decline and risk stay the same, then the price of a bond will rise. But if risks are increasing, and rates are increasing, then the price of a bond will fall.

Credit risk is a catch all term encompassing any risk likely to impact the ability of bond issuer to repay that debt. The risk of competition, obsolescence, management failure, financial crisis, inability to service its debt, the risk of default. Sovereign bonds are considered the risk-free rate – issued by nationals with the financial sovereignty to issue their own debt.

The price of every financial asset is determined relative to every other asset. The base line to calculate the relatively of financial assets is that risk-free interest rate. If it is too high, then bonds will look better relative value. If it is too low, it favours equity.

At the moment, real interest rates (that’s the interest rate minus inflation) have never, ever, in market history been so negatively low. Real US interest rates are about -4%, meaning you are kissing goodbye to $4 per annum in spending power on a $100 investment yielding a notional 2%. Of course, it looks better to buy a stock that promises a higher return and upside appreciation.

The problem is by messing around with interest rates, you unbalance the whole financial asset structure. Bonds yield too little, and Equities are overpriced. As I said above, that will continue till interest rates start to normalise, forcing the relative value of equity lower. Which means, have fun in the equity markets today… but we don’t know for how long.

There is an alternative. Avoid financial assets. Think about real assets… Gold, Property, etc… Buy assets linked to the real world.

Tyler Durden
Tue, 11/23/2021 – 09:59






Author: Tyler Durden

Precious Metals

These 29 Analysts See Silver Going Up Dramatically This Decade

More and more analysts are forecasting a significant increase in the price of silver over the balance of the decade and below are their projections.
The…

More and more analysts are forecasting a significant increase in the price of silver over the balance of the decade and below are their projections.

An original article by Lorimer Wilson, Managing Editor of munKNEE.com – Your KEY To Making Money!

1. Goldrunner: $800 to $1,200 by 2025; $5,300 by 2030/32

“My fractal analysis chart work on Silver points to a potential price for Silver of something like $800 to $1,200 a bit later than 2025 and $5,300 by the end of this decade or early in the next based on Gold reaching Jim Sinclair’s forecast of $80,500 and using a 1 to 16 ratio of Silver to Gold.” (personal email)

2. Keith Neumeyer: $300 to $1,000

“Silver is an extremely critical metal – a strategic metal – and the investment community will figure it out eventually” and, when they do, he believes the white metal could reach the $130 level and, if gold were to hit $10,000, he could see silver at $1,000. Source

3. Hubert Moolman: +$675

“The 70s pattern is very similar to the pattern that currently exists. Therefore, I do not think it is wishful thinking that silver will reach the target of $675 as a minimum.” Continue reading…

4. Egon von Greyerz: $600 to $1,000

“If we assume $10,000 for gold and a gold:silver ratio decline to the historical average of 15, we would see a silver price of $666…If we look at silver adjusted for real inflation based on ShadowStatistics, the $50 high in 1980 would equal to $950 today so silver at between $600 and $1,000 is not an unrealistic targetContinue reading…

5. Satori Traders: $50 by 2023; $1,350 by 2028

“My long-term forecast for Silver is $600 per ounce.” Source

6. Gary Christenson: $100 to $500 in 5-7 years; +$500 by 2030

“Silver prices for the next decade are dependent upon many unknowns but a ‘more of the same’ financial world suggests silver prices will rise toward $100 in the next 5 – 7 years. A more aggressive chart interpretation shows prices for silver rallying toward $200 – $300. Indeed, if the powers-that-be create or can’t stop hyper-inflation of the dollar, $500 silver will look inexpensive by the end of the decade.”   Continue reading…

7. Peter Krauth: $300+

‘I think silver’s ultimate peak could be $300, and I won’t rule out possibly even higher.” Source

8. David Smith: $166 to $250

“[If my forecast of $10,000 gold is realized, as I think it will then] you could see $166 silver, and if…[the gold:silver ratio] drops down to 40:1, which is not out of the question, [you could easily see] $250 silver.” Source

9. Mike Maloney: $100 to $200 in 5 years

“Investment demand for silver bullion has risen sharply and, with the silver market being so tiny, it doesn’t take much investment to have an out-sized impact on its price. Silver is dramatically undervalued and represents a very compelling investment opportunity. My prediction for silver 5 years out is $100-$200.” Source 

10. Jason Hamlin: $169 by end of 2025

“The silver bull has awakened and when silver finally breaks out, the move tends to be very explosive! I think we could see silver climb to $169…by the end of 2025.″ Source 

11. Nick Giambruno: +160 

“Once the dollar starts to lose its value in earnest…people will panic into precious metals just like they did in the ’70s and ’80s, and much of that money will make its way into the tiny silver market (roughly 1/10th the size of the gold market). This will cause the price to spike above $160. It’s a predictable pattern. Bottom line, the stars are aligned for a silver price spike for the record books and now is the perfect time to get in.” Continue reading…

12. Chris Vermeulen: $90 to $550

“We believe silver will soon…move up to well above $85 per troy ounce. Ultimately, we estimate it will likely top somewhere between $90 and $550.” Continue reading…

13. CoinPriceForecast.com: $84.81 by end of 2020; $100.12 by the end of 2032

“Silver price will hit $30 by the end of 2021 and then $40 by the end of 2023. Silver will rise to $50 within the year of 2024, $60 in 2026, $70 in 2027,   $75 in 2028, $80 in 2029, $90 in 2031 and $100 in 2032.” Source

14. Jeff Clark: $30 in 2021 to +$100 in 5 years

“My most confident prediction is that over the next five years, the silver price is going to increase a minimum of $100.” Source

15. Metals Focus: +$100

“See silver prices pushing “well above” $30 an ounce.

16. Paul Mladjenovic: +$100

“Triple-digit silver—$100 or more—is a possibility in the near future.” Source

17. David Morgan: $100

“Assuming a $4,000 gold price target in two to three years’ time, which is roughly a 100% increase from current levels, and assuming a normalization of the gold-silver ratio to 40-1, then silver should be trading at $100 by the time gold doubles in value.” Source

18. Gov Capital: $70 to $95 in 5 years

“Based on our custom algorithm we predict that silver will range between $70 and $95 in 5 years time.” Source

19. Mark O’Byrne: $50 to $100

“It is important investors focus on gold and silver’s value as hedging and safe haven assets rather than their nominal price highs in dollars.” That being said he believes silver could rise to between $50 and $100. Source

20. Dumb Money: $62

“History does serve as a guide for what’s normal and, based on the simple historical average, the price of silver should be about $62.” Source

21. Andrew Hecht: +$50

“Silver’s consolidation period and tightening price ranges could be the prelude to a new record high above the 1980 $50.36 peak in the COMEX futures market.” Source

22. CPM Group: +$50

“We fully expect silver to hit a new all-time high above $50.”

23. Lorimer Wilson: $40 to $60 by 2025

Every time the gold:silver ratio has reached at least 82:1, it has led to major rallies in the silver market. For example, in mid-2003 the gold:silver ratio peaked at 82:1 and over the next 5 years, silver went up 320%; at the end of 2008 the gold:silver ratio again peaked above 82:1 and, over the next 2 years, silver went up 453%. In early 2020 the gold:silver ratio again topped 82:1 and silver has already gone up by 124% since then so, based on history, silver could easily advance to somewhere between $40 and $60 per troy ounce.

24. Eric Fry: +$50

“When this ballgame ends…silver will be topping $35 and an extra-inning affair would not surprise me, lifting…the silver price to a new all-time high above $50.” Source

25. Bank of America: $35 in 2021; $50 in medium term

“$35 silver is feasible next year, but…could rally to $50 in the medium-term.” Source

26. Tom Fitzpatrick: $50

“A move back once more towards the $50 area is a very realistic target for Silver – and not necessarily something that will take years to materialize.” Source

27. Jim Willie: $50

“A quick march to the $35 mark, then to $50 in….a few months, not a couple of years.” Source

28. Don Durrett: $50

“Once we get over $30, we will run to $35 for one final pause. Then it will be off and running to $50 and an ATH. Get ready. It’s coming.” Source

29. Lawrence Williams: +$35

“While I still think $50 silver is perhaps just about out of sight, the metal can certainly move up to perhaps $35 or more given the current momentum.” Source

 

 

The post These 29 Analysts See Silver Going Up Dramatically This Decade appeared first on munKNEE.com.





Author: Lorimer Wilson

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Economics

The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly

The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly

Authored by Sven Henrich via NorthmanTrader.com,

“Sometimes I wonder if the world is being run by smart…

The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly

Authored by Sven Henrich via NorthmanTrader.com,

“Sometimes I wonder if the world is being run by smart people who are putting us on or by imbeciles who really mean it”

– Laurence Peter

After months and months of sticking to a transitory narrative despite ever rising inflation data Jay Powell finally caved yesterday and retired the word transitory. What a colossal embarrassing blunder. Once again a Fed Chair being in total denial about reality. Like Ben Bernanke in 2007 declaring subprime contained and not a threat to the economy, persistent inflation is suddenly a risk to the economy when it supposedly wasn’t all year long while the data clearly kept saying that it was.

The Fed not only got inflation wrong but by extension they got policy completely wrong and I find myself very much validated here: They’ve totally overdone it on the liquidity front as they kept printing like mad men into an inflationary environment that they denied existed. And it’s not only the Fed. Combined with the ECB both central banks have added a combined $3 trillion in liquidity just in 2021 into an inflationary environment no less. Mad. Which means they exacerbated a massive asset bubble exacerbating wealth inequality when the right policy should have been to taper sooner. And now they may be forced to slam the foot on the breaks, a point I made on CNBC today:

What’s this all mean for markets in the here and now? Since I promised some charts let me give you the good, the bad, and the ugly.

Let’s start with the good:

Let’s recap key technical developments as the context of the market action in oh so important. In late October I highlighted the case for “Make Bears Cry” the infamous broken trend and then new highs to retest the broken trend which was first identified in late September. Bears did indeed cry as everything broke out to new highs including aggressive rallies in small caps, the $NYSE, $DJIA and $SPX and $NDX of course.

On November 16th in the NorthCast I outlined an inverse pattern on $SPX with the technical target of 4740. This target not only got hit rather precisely but it served as a key reversal pivot again off of the trend line we’ve been watching all year long:

Note how stubborn and persistently $SPX keep tagging the trend line from the underside with the final highs coming on a very pronounced negative divergence.

As the sell off ensued I highlighted in MarketWatch the September highs, i.e. the 4550 zone, as a key price zone bulls must hold to continue to be constructive for year end. This level was almost reached yesterday and has so far held as support. But watch this price zone closely in the days and weeks ahead, for should bulls lose this zone things may get a lot uglier still.

Note the same applies to $NDX:

Whereas $SPX has broken its trend in September, the $NDX trend remains intact and the index has remained incredibly resilient. As long as the trend remains intact tech is in a good position to set up for a year end rally. $NDX also remains above the September highs and as long as these previous highs hold as support the price action can be constructive as a back test. Note also how precise the trend has remained both on the resistance as well as the support side in the past year:

Now to the bad:

Note in the chart above the $VXN, the underlying volatility index, has broken out and in the lead up to the November highs it kept warning with rising volatility prices, that’s the same event we saw leading up to the February 2020 top.

We can observe a similar even more pronounced breakout in $VIX a pattern that held its uptrend throughout 2021 which I again highlighted in “Make Bears Cry”:

While bulls can hope to compress the $VIX again for a backtest into late December the genie looks very much to be out of the bottle.

Another big issue is that ever more highs in $NDX this year have come on an ever weakening cumulative advance/decline picture and in recent days in particular that indicator has completely fallen off the cliff:

This again speaks to the narrowing of leadership of a few stocks that are holding up the index. Note the advance/decline was falling off the cliff even as $NDX made new all time highs on November 22. Indeed the intermittent peak was in early November way before Omicron was even identified. To highlight the extent of the damage beneath: The average Nasdaq component has experienced a 41% drawdown in 2021, 19% on the $SPX. So while we all get the impression of a massive bull market the underlying picture is not so pretty. The everything rally which sees many stocks getting hammered.

Which brings me to the ugly.

In the lead up to the November 22 highs on $SPX and $NDX many other indices did not follow suit as tech was leading driven by a few stocks. This is precisely the same development we saw in January 2020 going into February 2020.

Indeed, the September high backtest support I mentioned in $NDX has already broken in many indices, such as the $DJIA the broader $NYSE and also small caps which just got pounded dropping 12% in just 3 weeks one of the most aggressive drops from all time highs in history:

Indeed 2 out of the 3 previous similar sizable sell offs of this magnitude from all time highs came in March 2020 and in August 2007 just as the asset bubbles began to crack.

The key issue: Trapped supply above as many traders chased the breakout and are now finding themselves under water. Note $IWM is back at February levels.

And this same trapped supply issue with failed breakouts can be observed in the $DJIA and the broader $NYSE:

What all of these charts highlight is that there has been tremendous corrective damage inflicted in individual stocks far beyond what the main indices indicate.

And unless everybody owns only $SPX and $NDX index funds and only the winning stocks it appears people have gotten hammered hard somewhere in individual stock holdings. A question arises. If everybody has piled into stocks like never before:

Why are so many unhappy?

Consumer sentiment per University of Michigan shows levels commensurate with the March 2020 crash lows. Both can’t be true. So there’s something big time amiss here. And unless all the inflows are in the winning stocks only there is pain out there that is masked by the indices.

Unhappy consumers are not happy voters and this has to be a concern for Democrats going into mid term elections next year.

And it is consumers that have been hit the hardest by rising inflation exacerbated by the Fed’s reckless printing:

None of this does not preclude a Santa rally from oversold conditions still, but as we saw in early 2020, massive divergences in index performances leading up to new highs are a major warning sign, and the underlying volatility components in all of these charts, including the $VIX, show breakouts suggesting the genie is out of the bottle and will make for a much more volatile 2022.

Indeed I could even point to similar monthly candle in November as we saw in January 2020:

Back then the initial news of a new virus was very much ignored and $SPX and $NDX went onto new highs while financials and small caps did not. Sound familiar?

I’m not making a crash call here, but it may serve to remind the the S&P 500, despite the recent pullback, remains above its quarterly Bollinger band and remains far disconnected from even a basic quarterly 5 EMA reconnect:

Periods of excessive printing have seen such disconnects before, but the reconnect is coming, either this quarter or likely during the next quarter.

While in all of history this Bollinger band was resistance, the liquidity excess of 2020 and 2021 has turned this Bollinger band into support. How long this historical aberration continues very much depends on artificial liquidity injections continuing. The short term good news for bulls may be also this historical fact: Since 20009 all major corrections did not manifest themselves until QE programs were ended and corrections were ended with more liquidity coming in. In this sense it may be argued that the first larger correction will not come until the Fed actually ends QE.

But then we’ve never seen such a price and valuation disconnect from the underlying economy in history while we see the Fed’s credibility suddenly very much shaken. After all it’s all about confidence.

*  *  *

For the latest public analysis please visit NorthmanTrader and the NorthCast. To subscribe to our directional market analysis please visit Services.

Tyler Durden
Wed, 12/01/2021 – 17:01








Author: Tyler Durden

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Economics

US Close: December rally faded already, Mixed US data, US gets first Omicron case

US stocks were off to a good start in December as traders became both optimistic that Omicron would not lead to a more severe illness than the Delta variant…

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US stocks were off to a good start in December as traders became both optimistic that Omicron would not lead to a more severe illness than the Delta variant and viewed Powell’s hawkish twist as more of a shift to the center. Equities pared gains after South Africa COVID cases nearly doubled since Tuesday and after their infectious disease official Richard Lessells noted it is too early to say Omicron only causes mild cases. The next couple of weeks will likely see risk appetite take a cue from incremental Omicron updates, supply chain issues, and every inflation reading. A second day of Powell at Capitol Hill saw him stick to his faster taper talk and uncertainty over when will inflation come down.

Stocks gave up most of their gains after the US confirmed its first case of the Omicron variant. We’ve seen this movie before and Wall Street will likely remain COVID variant headline driven until a clear assessment over this wave can be made.

US Data

The ADP private payroll report showed 534,000 jobs were created in November, a beat of the 525,000 estimate, but lower than the 570,000 prior reading.  Leisure and hospitality jobs were over 30% of the positions added to the service sector, but that rebound could be in jeopardy if Omicron continues to increase. 

The ISM manufacturing report was somewhat positive, but nothing to brag about as the headline index rose marginally from 60.8 to 61.1 and as both new orders and employment posted modest increases. Supply chain issues appear to be improving, but orders are still below their recent highs. 

Author: Ed Moya

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