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High Voltage: Will the global market follow where Chinese lithium carbonate prices lead?

Technical and battery grade lithium carbonate prices increased by over 20% in the first two weeks of September in the Chinese domestic … Read More
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Technical and battery grade lithium carbonate prices increased by over 20% in the first two weeks of September in the Chinese domestic market.

And they’re now up 188.9% and 215% respectively this year.

Benchmark Mineral Intelligence’s lithium price assessment said this is due to surging demand and raw material supply concerns which have combined to push Chinese domestic prices up to their highest levels since mid-2018.

“Throughout August and early September, the price rally for lithium chemicals and feedstock has been re-ignited on incredibly strong downstream demand, especially within the Chinese domestic market, which acts as a bellwether for the rest of the world’s lithium market,” Benchmark analyst George Miller said.

Carbonate price increases are outpacing lithium hydroxide – and could soon race ahead.

And China EXW lithium hydroxide prices rose 14.2% in the first half of September, up 162.7% year-to-date.

Lithium carbonate prices could soon outpace lithium hydroxide.

But not everything is rosy in lithium land

On September 11 protestors demanded a halt to the development of Rio Tinto’s (ASX:RIO) proposed $2.4 billion Jadar lithium project in Serbia.

It’s the latest in a wave of community protests against battery metal projects in Western jurisdictions.

It’s a bit of a pickle because Europe is poised to become the second-largest consumer of lithium chemicals worldwide within the next decade – and the goal is supply chain accountability and security.

Not to mention Serbia is seeking to join the EU and environmental regulatory improvement has been cited as one key area where the country needs to improve.

Roskill’s Dominic Wells said countries like Serbia need to decide what mineral policy direction best suits their needs.

“They can maintain their reliance on overseas imports and have little direct control regarding the environmental cost of production, though will be insulated from the environmental impacts,” he said.

“Alternatively, they can develop domestic sources of these chemicals, set their own standards of production but bear the environmental cost and attempt to lessen it where possible.
 

Community conflicts inevitable

“Given the growing number of European mining projects looking to capitalise on domestic demand for lithium chemicals, further conflict between communities, miners, and the governments is inevitable,” Wells said.

“Regulation such as the European Union’s proposed Battery Passport scheme and Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism touch on the issue, attempting to improve the environmental cost of non-EU producers.

“However, they have little to no impact on the conditions of domestic production. Should battery metal projects be developed, policymakers in lithium producing countries will need to self-regulate the conditions of production to appease both local groups and the producers themselves.”

 

Pangang moves into vanadium redox batteries

In other battery metals news, Chinese producer Pangang Group Vanadum and Titanium Resources signed an agreement with Dalian Bolong New Materials (BNM) to develop and promote vanadium redox battery (VRB) technology in China.

Roskill analyst Jack Anderson said the companies will also promote the potential of VRB use within the steel industry to reduce carbon consumption, new energy power generation and peak shaving services.

“Over the past couple of years an increasing number of primary and secondary vanadium producers have incorporated VRBs as an end-use application into their own business models,” he said.

“This represents a new precedent in vanadium market dynamics and has been reinforced by vanadium producers planning to vertically integrate mining and recycling operations downstream to VRBs.”

It’s part of China’s aim to peak carbon emissions by 2030 and reach carbon neutrality by 2060 as part of the Paris Agreement.

“In order to achieve this, and in line with the country’s 14th five-year plan, China intends to massively expand its renewables energy capacity, which will require large scale energy storage,” Anderson said.

“Despite the large potential for Li-ion battery energy storage in China, the country’s significant vanadium production boosts VRB’s domestic potential.”

 

Here’s how a basket of ASX stocks with exposure to lithium, cobalt, graphite, nickel, and vanadium are performing>>>

Code Company Price %Mth %SixMth %Wk %Yr MktCap
HNR Hannans Ltd 0.037 429 363 270 429 $ 51,919,498.22
LTR Liontown Resources 1.545 66 243 37 713 $ 2,950,260,451.05
ADD Adavale Resource Ltd 0.073 30 43 35 103 $ 22,748,680.82
ESS Essential Metals Ltd 0.22 22 91 26 134 $ 58,216,893.63
INF Infinity Lithium 0.12 22 -35 25 33 $ 46,335,173.94
CXO Core Lithium 0.425 29 93 25 963 $ 704,299,017.24
EUR European Lithium Ltd 0.099 43 41 24 111 $ 109,844,238.42
SYA Sayona Mining Ltd 0.1825 40 487 18 1987 $ 1,163,414,691.04
PSC Prospect Res Ltd 0.405 27 125 17 161 $ 172,585,590.75
ARR American Rare Earths 0.17 17 79 13 400 $ 67,237,623.57
RLC Reedy Lagoon Corp. 0.026 30 4 13 100 $ 13,500,654.15
SBR Sabre Resources 0.005 25 25 11 -55 $ 8,415,318.25
STK Strickland Metals 0.045 22 119 10 -14 $ 51,870,384.19
MLX Metals X Limited 0.34 26 51 10 336 $ 326,615,784.12
QPM Queensland Pacific 0.24 33 155 9 1100 $ 359,237,479.72
MOH Moho Resources 0.065 5 -23 8 -41 $ 6,712,901.13
DEV Devex Resources Ltd 0.335 52 56 8 31 $ 115,437,737.63
TKL Traka Resources 0.014 0 -18 8 -32 $ 8,709,510.52
AML Aeon Metals Ltd. 0.059 5 -40 7 -59 $ 45,779,978.27
GME GME Resources Ltd 0.063 19 -6 7 47 $ 37,421,418.01
VR8 Vanadium Resources 0.065 18 59 7 150 $ 28,872,643.25
IXR Ionic Rare Earths 0.034 0 -32 6 278 $ 125,518,782.02
SGQ St George Min Ltd 0.071 6 -22 6 -35 $ 45,956,893.09
GL1 Globallith 0.41 17 5 $ 38,259,635.28
HAS Hastings Tech Met 0.22 5 10 5 76 $ 425,921,540.17
AVL Aust Vanadium Ltd 0.023 -18 0 5 35 $ 82,020,637.03
RFR Rafaella Resources 0.092 11 -12 5 16 $ 18,120,529.71
PLS Pilbara Min Ltd 2.14 -3 99 4 529 $ 6,722,157,616.03
LPD Lepidico Ltd 0.025 32 0 4 257 $ 172,258,748.51
LIT Lithium Australia NL 0.125 -7 -7 4 140 $ 133,370,889.26
PUR Pursuit Minerals 0.051 -15 -24 4 265 $ 47,787,709.72
NMT Neometals Ltd 0.825 4 106 4 371 $ 493,538,756.40
NMT Neometals Ltd 0.825 4 106 4 371 $ 493,538,756.40
RNU Renascor Res Ltd 0.14 59 0 4 900 $ 300,934,984.32
AXE Archer Materials 1.825 -13 84 4 238 $ 437,196,568.32
TNG TNG Limited 0.085 -3 -19 4 -8 $ 111,205,236.56
MAN Mandrake Res Ltd 0.057 -5 -58 4 -8 $ 28,169,583.63
MRC Mineral Commodities 0.15 0 -61 3 -54 $ 77,428,641.93
ARN Aldoro Resources 0.495 -19 141 3 395 $ 40,000,683.00
ARN Aldoro Resources 0.495 -19 141 3 395 $ 40,000,683.00
AOU Auroch Minerals Ltd 0.19 9 -12 3 164 $ 56,045,797.39
REE Rarex Limited 0.1025 11 -18 3 39 $ 50,064,468.46
HWK Hawkstone Mng Ltd 0.041 8 14 3 193 $ 70,366,704.98
EMH European Metals Hldg 1.55 -12 -14 2 252 $ 208,147,144.00
AVZ AVZ Minerals Ltd 0.265 8 36 2 321 $ 901,088,350.40
TLG Talga Group Ltd 1.42 7 8 1 125 $ 459,393,307.59
BRB Breaker Res NL 0.25 25 22 0 2 $ 89,606,255.48
CZN Corazon Ltd 0.038 -5 -28 0 -5 $ 7,716,057.47
IPT Impact Minerals 0.013 0 -46 0 -48 $ 26,309,333.95
TON Triton Min Ltd 0.031 -9 -38 0 -42 $ 36,302,978.14
ALY Alchemy Resource Ltd 0.014 0 -7 0 -22 $ 10,083,651.80
ESR Estrella Res Ltd 0.042 8 -34 0 200 $ 49,967,880.82
VML Vital Metals Limited 0.062 -3 -23 0 226 $ 279,087,366.63
VMC Venus Metals Cor Ltd 0.175 -3 -10 0 -34 $ 26,438,769.53
TMT Technology Metals 0.4 0 10 0 63 $ 67,580,125.65
QXR Qx Resources Limited 0.012 9 -25 0 -29 $ 7,996,347.85
ATM Aneka Tambang 1 0 0 0 0 $ 1,303,649.00
AJM Altura Mining Ltd 0.07 0 0 0 0 $ 209,037,029.25
LML Lincoln Minerals 0.008 0 0 0 14 $ 4,599,869.49
GBR Greatbould Resources 0.155 99 297 0 231 $ 60,730,087.53
COB Cobalt Blue Ltd 0.325 25 -20 0 246 $ 104,473,896.45
BOA Boadicea Resources 0.185 -20 -19 0 -6 $ 14,762,980.05
LKE Lake Resources 0.515 -16 45 -1 820 $ 571,265,552.50
ARL Ardea Resources Ltd 0.46 -8 -15 -1 -14 $ 66,256,425.12
SRL Sunrise 1.665 -6 -34 -1 -43 $ 154,449,262.49
PGM Platina Resources 0.066 -6 38 -1 3 $ 31,275,528.62
SRI Sipa Resources Ltd 0.062 -2 3 -2 -25 $ 11,130,380.31
FFX Firefinch Ltd 0.605 8 163 -2 290 $ 595,842,336.05
LPI Lithium Pwr Int Ltd 0.28 0 -2 -2 75 $ 106,374,803.64
AUZ Australian Mines Ltd 0.0235 2 26 -2 50 $ 103,285,418.74
NKL Nickelxltd 0.215 -2 -2 $ 12,037,500.00
NTU Northern Min Ltd 0.041 5 5 -2 32 $ 203,351,944.57
HXG Hexagon Energy 0.078 8 -26 -3 34 $ 37,019,147.64
CWX Carawine Resources 0.195 -11 -30 -3 -25 $ 21,505,755.65
BKT Black Rock Mining 0.18 24 33 -3 233 $ 174,400,185.46
AZS Azure Minerals 0.345 53 3 -3 68 $ 111,324,859.56
AGY Argosy Minerals Ltd 0.17 17 72 -3 209 $ 225,048,906.72
JRV Jervois Global Ltd 0.5 9 9 -3 64 $ 840,887,083.41
CHN Chalice Mining Ltd 6.97 9 48 -3 344 $ 2,661,153,877.20
VRC Volt Resources Ltd 0.033 18 74 -3 120 $ 92,672,200.43
ADV Ardiden Ltd 0.0145 32 -24 -3 -48 $ 32,240,313.24
BEM Blackearth Minerals 0.13 18 0 -4 217 $ 33,696,266.39
ORE Orocobre Limited 8.63 -6 75 -4 220 $ 5,955,522,648.90
PAM Pan Asia Metals 0.465 174 244 -4 $ 33,986,028.78
PAM Pan Asia Metals 0.465 174 244 -4 $ 33,986,028.78
BMM Balkanminingandmin 0.765 25 -4 $ 26,000,000.00
NWC New World Resources 0.064 -12 -10 -4 52 $ 107,958,408.64
INR Ioneer Ltd 0.63 37 48 -5 473 $ 1,256,769,954.66
PEK Peak Resources 0.08 -10 -12 -5 176 $ 156,291,618.67
RXL Rox Resources 0.4 1 -28 -5 -57 $ 65,407,159.81
S2R S2 Resources 0.093 -34 -47 -5 -61 $ 35,281,110.65
CHR Charger Metals 0.55 -10 -5 $ 18,257,689.95
FGR First Graphene Ltd 0.175 -20 -33 -5 40 $ 101,698,382.41
LYC Lynas Rare Earths 6.68 -4 6 -6 175 $ 6,804,183,117.16
SLZ Sultan Resources Ltd 0.16 -9 -14 -6 -24 $ 11,125,502.24
PRL Province Resources 0.155 3 29 -6 485 $ 186,393,868.82
GLN Galan Lithium Ltd 0.985 -15 103 -6 579 $ 284,809,614.60
PNN PepinNini Minerals 0.29 -6 -17 -6 133 $ 14,591,200.64
ARU Arafura Resource Ltd 0.14 12 -24 -7 82 $ 240,241,836.46
BSX Blackstone Ltd 0.48 12 7 -7 9 $ 173,280,738.80
WKT Walkabout Resources 0.205 -13 37 -7 -13 $ 87,208,379.04
IGO IGO Limited 8.92 -6 40 -7 96 $ 7,095,599,407.81
IGO IGO Limited 8.92 -6 40 -7 96 $ 7,095,599,407.81
OZL OZ Minerals 21.83 -1 -6 -7 52 $ 7,774,160,870.90
GAL Galileo Mining Ltd 0.265 -22 23 -7 -9 $ 48,749,349.45
MCR Mincor Resources NL 1.26 1 32 -7 42 $ 623,014,720.90
PLL Piedmont Lithium Inc 0.69 -12 -32 -7 431 $ 409,580,611.00
BUX Buxton Resources Ltd 0.07 -30 -3 -8 -42 $ 9,523,880.24
LEG Legend Mining 0.069 -14 -45 -8 -55 $ 192,859,500.47
NIC Nickel Mines Limited 0.985 -4 -31 -9 42 $ 2,741,381,665.59
VUL Vulcan Energy 14.55 9 129 -8 1553 $ 1,650,364,991.88
PAN Panoramic Resources 0.205 21 58 -9 116 $ 451,201,080.88
AAJ Aruma Resources Ltd 0.088 4 60 -9 -35 $ 11,588,458.28
CNJ Conico Ltd 0.058 -16 76 -9 287 $ 58,741,087.04
BHP BHP Group Limited 37.37 -27 -19 -9 0 $ 115,531,844,589.04
MNS Magnis Energy Tech 0.32 -3 0 -10 60 $ 311,360,572.91
BAR Barra Resources 0.026 37 24 -10 24 $ 22,151,850.36
AQD Ausquest Limited 0.017 -15 -15 -11 -47 $ 15,640,606.79
POS Poseidon Nick Ltd 0.105 -9 69 -13 88 $ 337,035,547.86
G88 Golden Mile Res Ltd 0.048 -16 -8 -13 -23 $ 9,234,989.71
GED Golden Deeps 0.01 -9 0 -13 -41 $ 8,534,365.84
SYR Syrah Resources 1.155 -13 -3 -13 148 $ 603,469,014.83
CTM Centaurus Metals Ltd 0.93 2 14 -14 94 $ 350,603,633.04
EGR Ecograf Limited 0.715 -16 3 -14 430 $ 337,375,094.25
GW1 Greenwing Resources 0.31 22 -11 -15 77 $ 35,803,805.05
MIN Mineral Resources. 45.05 -21 17 -15 81 $ 9,113,911,182.86
CLA Celsius Resource Ltd 0.025 -4 -44 -17 -24 $ 29,322,386.27
ASN Anson Resources Ltd 0.091 0 18 -17 379 $ 85,372,475.99
MLS Metals Australia 0.0015 -25 -25 -25 -50 $ 8,454,376.09
JRL Jindalee Resources 2.31 -33 32 -32 413 $ 142,054,549.56

Scroll or swipe to reveal table. Click headings to sort. Best viewed on a laptop:

 

Only 46 of the 130 ASX battery metals stocks on our list posted gains last week.

Over the past year 55 stocks have posted a gain of 100% or more.

Three of them – Vulcan (ASX:VUL), Sayona Mining (ASX:SYA) and Queensland Pacific Metals (ASX:QPM) – have posted a gain of 1000% or higher, and there are several more knocking at the door.

There were several standouts, including Adavale Resources (ASX:ADD) up 35% after completing three drill holes at its Kabanga Jirani Nickel Project in Tanzania.

Infinity Lithium (ASX:INF) was up 25% off the back of news it had delivered the first battery grade lithium hydroxide monohydrate and lithium carbonate produced at bench-scale from its San José project in Spain.

The company has commenced pilot-scale roasting which is scheduled for completion in early October and is a key step in the feasibility study for the project – which is poised to supply lithium to the European battery industry.

And Sayona was up 18% after a project review showed the potential to increase the lithium resource at its newly acquired North American Lithium (NAL) mine in Québec, Canada.

In 2017, NAL had a total foreign mineral resource estimate of 39.3 million tonnes at 1.04% Li2O and a conversion to Australia’s JORC standard is expected by the end of the year.

 

 

 

The post High Voltage: Will the global market follow where Chinese lithium carbonate prices lead? appeared first on Stockhead.
















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Author: Emma Davies

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Energy & Critical Metals

Pilbara Minerals Reaches Records Prices for Lithium Spodumene

Pilbara Minerals’ (ASX:PLS) third auction on the Battery Material Exchange (BMX) digital platform for 10,000t (SC5.5%) spodumene went off at a record…

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Pilbara Minerals’ (ASX:PLS) third auction on the Battery Material Exchange (BMX) digital platform for 10,000t (SC5.5%) spodumene went off at a record $US2,350/t.

It outshines auction two on September 14, which went off at a then-incredible $US2,240/t to singlehandedly spark a historic 86.5% month-on-month increase for average spod pricing industry-wide.

The average price for SC6% cargoes this time last year was ~$US380/t.

In the December half of 2020 – when pricing was still weak — Pilbara Minerals sold 114,239t of spodumene concentrate in contracts for revenues of ~$59m.

It has now raked in ~$US54m alone from these three spot cargoes totalling 28,000t.

“As with the previous two auctions, strong interest was received in both participation and bidding by a broad range of buyers,” Pilbara Minerals says.

“Parties placed 25 bids online during the 45-minute auction window, with the Company considering the bidding to be very strong in light of the deferred delivery date.”

 

 

The post Pilbara Minerals just sold the most expensive cargo of lithium spodumene ever appeared first on Stockhead.

Author: Reuben Adams

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Energy & Critical Metals

Hyliion’s Unique Bet on the Future of Trucking

Hyliion (NYSE:HYLN) is one of the flood of electric vehicle (EV) SPACs that emerged over the past year. HYLN stock, like its peer group, has also had a…

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Hyliion (NYSE:HYLN) is one of the flood of electric vehicle (EV) SPACs that emerged over the past year. HYLN stock, like its peer group, has also had a rough run in 2021 after the initial price spike.

Source: Muratart/Shutterstock.com

Unlike most of the EV companies, however, Hyliion has a unique vision. Rather than aiming to build its own EV brand from the ground-up, Hyliion is working on niche solutions to enhance the already-existing trucking industry. It aims for incremental improvement rather than reinventing the wheel.

So, will Hyliion’s new approach find commercial success?

Hyliion’s Products

Currently, Hyliion is working on a few different items to improve trucking efficiency. The company makes powertrains, which can be added to trucks. These are intended to capture power as a vehicle rolls downhill. That retained power charges a battery, which can help assist the vehicle once it needs energy again. However, the high $25,000 sticker price for HYLN’s product counteracts the fuel savings; so far, demand has been limited.

Hyliion is also working on battery packs. However this is a competitive field where it may not have a significant advantage.

The firm’s most promising item is the Hypertruck ERX. This is a unique product. It offers a truck a dual-powered system that runs on both a battery and a natural gas engine. For shorter-trips, it goes purely off the electric battery, offering clean emission-free driving. It has built-in features such as regenerative braking to help conserve and maximize power from the existing battery as well.

Once the vehicle goes beyond its range, however, it switches to using the on-board natural gas engine. Natural gas is much cleaner than diesel. Historically, it’s also been much cheaper, though that’s currently under question given the ferocious rally in natural gas prices over the past few months. Regardless, historically, there’s been a considerable amount of interest in using natural gas for trucking.

A combination natural gas/battery engine could be a best-of-both-worlds solution. It offers many of the efficiency and environmental benefits of electric, while having a much larger range thanks to the natural gas backup. Additionally, it gives trucking companies a relatively simple way to improve their business and improve their environmental profile without having to totally overhaul their whole fleet.

Is There Demand for This Solution?

There’s a bearish talking point on HYLN stock is worth considering. Simply put, there are dozens if not hundreds of companies in the EV space, with many of them focusing on trucking in particular. Yet Hyliion is the only one—or at least the only public one—pursuing this sort of hybrid approach.

Thus, one can reasonably suggest that Hyliion’s solution simply isn’t that promising . The existing trucking industry has operated as it has for decades. It may take a total rethinking of trucking from the ground up to disrupt the existing supply chain. Even if Hyliion can produce incrementally better results, that may not be enough to move the needle.

More broadly, there is a dilemma so many SPAC firms find themselves in. They have little in the way of profits or even recurring revenues yet. So, investors have to believe in the story to maintain their confidence in the firm. That certainly applies to HYLN stock, which has generated minimal revenues up to this point. The company does have a decent balance sheet and a number of pre-orders. Still, it will take more time to see if Hyliion can convert its potential into tangible results.

HYLN Stock Verdict

Hyliion is doing something different. You can argue that either way. Bears say no one else is pursuing this path because it is unlikely to garner much commercial interest. And that’s a fair argument.

On the other hand, there are way too many generic EV companies with a spiffy-looking prototype vehicle and little else. You might have better odds taking a chance on a company that is trying to advance a practical—albeit less flashy—solution to a widespread problem.

Hyliion lacks a lot of glamour you’d find in other EV companies. Relying partly on natural gas fails to check certain environmental, social and governance (ESG) boxes as well. However, if the company can deliver on its promises in terms of efficiency and cost savings, that other stuff shouldn’t matter too much. Hyliion still has to prove out that potential commercial demand. But the concept makes a lot of sense, and the valuation isn’t too demanding at this price, either.

On the date of publication, Ian Bezek did not have (either directly or indirectly) any positions in the securities mentioned in this article. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the writer, subject to the InvestorPlace.com Publishing Guidelines.

Ian Bezek has written more than 1,000 articles for InvestorPlace.com and Seeking Alpha. He also worked as a Junior Analyst for Kerrisdale Capital, a $300 million New York City-based hedge fund. You can reach him on Twitter at @irbezek.

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Author: Ian Bezek

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Energy & Critical Metals

Cypress Development kickstarts its pilot plant program

 
Cypress Development (CYP.V) has completed the assembly of the pilot plant which will be used to test the metallurgical characteristics of the Clayton…

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Cypress Development (CYP.V) has completed the assembly of the pilot plant which will be used to test the metallurgical characteristics of the Clayton Valley Lithium project in Nevada. The outcome of the pilot plant program will be very important as Cypress will be testing the use of a chloride-based leaching process in combination with the Chemionex-Lionex process for direct lithium extraction.

This approach worked on a smaller scale basis and the pilot plant program could be seen as the moment of the truth. The flow sheet seems to make sense, and could perhaps mean a breakthrough for clay-hosted lithium projects as the sector will for sure be moving towards a ‘cleaner’ approach to recover the lithium versus the classic acid leaching processes. A successful outcome will further de-risk the project, and the subsequent feasibility study may show superior economics if the company uses a slightly higher lithium price compared to the PEA and PFS studies. Keep in mind the current market price for lithium carbonate exceeds $20,000 per tonne and if that price would have been used in the PFS, the NPV of the Clayton Valley project would have been substantially higher.

The pilot plant programme comes very timely as this appears to be the right time to consider developing a lithium project in North America as the economics will for sure be underpinned by a strong lithium price.


Disclosure: The author has a long position in Cypress Development. Cypress is a sponsor of the website. Please read our disclaimer.

Author: CR Team

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