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Barrick commissions Africa’s first photon assay laboratory, on track for production guidance

BULYANHULU GOLD MINE – Tanzania (NYSE:GOLD) (TSX:ABX) – Barrick Gold Corporation’s Tanzanian mines, North Mara and Bulyanhulu, are both set to meet…

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This article was originally published by Canadian Investor

BULYANHULU GOLD MINE – Tanzania (NYSE:GOLD) (TSX:ABX) – Barrick Gold Corporation’s Tanzanian mines, North Mara and Bulyanhulu, are both set to meet their 2021 production targets as well as to replace depleted reserves through brownfields exploration, president and chief executive Mark Bristow said today.

Speaking at the mine to local media, Bristow said the production ramp-up at Bulyanhulu was gaining momentum with plant performance ahead of expectations and recoveries at a consistent rate of 93%. An 11% increase in tonnage was driven partly by an investment in three new fully automated loaders and three additional drills. Successful conversion and optimization of mineral resources in the upper portion of Deep West has been completed and is expected to add significant mineral reserves to the asset base, unlocking further value in the mine plan. In line with its long-term commitment to Tanzania, Barrick has also secured exploration targets elsewhere within Bulyanhulu’s mining licence.

Still at Bulyanhulu, a world-class analytical photon assay laboratory — the first of its kind in Africa and in Barrick’s global operations — has been commissioned. This new technique delivers faster, safer and more accurate analysis of gold, silver and complementary elements. This system provides an environmentally friendly, chemical-free, more sustainable replacement for traditional fire assay methods, significantly reducing CO2 emissions and hazardous waste. A new crusher was also commissioned and is being optimized to support increasing production.

At North Mara the commissioning of a brine treatment plant is scheduled for the fourth quarter of this year as part of Barrick’s successful drive to eliminate the mine’s historical environmental issues. This has also included a new water treatment plant and an upgraded tailings facility. During the past quarter the mine’s Gokona underground operation was connected to the national power grid, which will cut its diesel consumption by 43%. North Mara’s two open pits have been redesigned and integrated with the underground mine.

Bristow said Barrick was continuing to improve the quality of life in the villages around North Mara, in partnership with the mine’s community development committee. Key projects include construction of a tarmac road, classrooms, paediatric wards and laboratories, and support for agribusiness.

“Since Barrick launched a business development program in Tanzania, we’ve continued to empower the participating enterprises, unlocking more opportunities to expand our mines’ local content spend which has increased from 26% of their total expenditure in the first quarter of this year to 40% in the second. In the year to date, Barrick has invested 73% of its total spend with Tanzanian companies, 44% of which went to local businesses,” Bristow said.

“It’s also worth noting that thanks to our policy of employing and upskilling host country nationals, 97% of our workforce here are Tanzanians, 40% of whom were hired from the mines’ surrounding communities. Recently, for example, Bulyanhulu recruited 19 mining and process plant trainees through their village councils.”

In partnership with the Tanzanian health authorities, Barrick is ensuring the continued roll-out of Covid-19 vaccines. So far, 12% of its workforce in the country have been vaccinated.

Since Barrick formed its pioneering partnership with the government through the Twiga partnership in 2020, it has paid $118 million in salaries, $496 million in taxes, levies and royalties and $609 million for locally sourced goods and services. It has also paid a maiden cash dividend of $250 million.





Author: Editor

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Precious Metals

Current Bitcoin Fear & Greed Index

Each day, we analyze emotions and sentiments from different sources and crunch them into one simple number: The Fear & Greed Index for Bitcoin and…

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Each day, we analyze emotions and sentiments from different sources and crunch them into one simple number: The Fear & Greed Index for Bitcoin and other large cryptocurrencies.
This post by Lorimer Wilson, Managing Editor of munKNEE.com is an edited ([ ]) and abridged (…) version of an article by Alternative.me for the sake of clarity and length to ensure a fast and easy read.
<img src=”https://alternative.me/crypto/fear-and-greed-index.png” alt=”Latest Crypto Fear & Greed Index” />

Why Measure Fear and Greed?

The crypto market behaviour is very emotional. People tend to get greedy when the market is rising which results in FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out). Also, people often sell their coins in irrational reaction of seeing red numbers. With our Fear and Greed Index, we try to save you from your own emotional overreactions. There are two simple assumptions:

  • Extreme fear can be a sign that investors are too worried. That could be a buying opportunity.
  • When Investors are getting too greedy, that means the market is due for a correction.

Therefore, we analyze the current sentiment of the Bitcoin market and crunch the numbers into a simple meter from 0 to 100. Zero means “Extreme Fear”, while 100 means “Extreme Greed”. See below for further information on our data sources.

Data Sources

We are gathering data from the five following sources. Each data point is valued the same as the day before in order to visualize a meaningful progress in sentiment change of the crypto market…

1. Volatility (25 %)

We’re measuring the current volatility and max. drawdowns of bitcoin and compare it with the corresponding average values of the last 30 days and 90 days. We argue that an unusual rise in volatility is a sign of a fearful market.

2. Market Momentum/Volume (25%)

Also, we’re measuring the current volume and market momentum (again in comparison with the last 30/90 day average values) and put those two values together. Generally, when we see high buying volumes in a positive market on a daily basis, we conclude that the market acts overly greedy / too bullish.

3. Social Media (15%)

While our reddit sentiment analysis is still not in the live index (we’re still experimenting some market-related key words in the text processing algorithm), our twitter analysis is running. There, we gather and count posts on various hashtags for each coin (publicly, we show only those for Bitcoin) and check how fast and how many interactions they receive in certain time frames). A unusual high interaction rate results in a grown public interest in the coin and in our eyes, corresponds to a greedy market behaviour.

4. Dominance (10%)

The dominance of a coin resembles the market cap share of the whole crypto market. Especially for Bitcoin, we think that a rise in Bitcoin dominance is caused by a fear of (and thus a reduction of) too speculative alt-coin investments, since Bitcoin is becoming more and more the safe haven of crypto. On the other side, when Bitcoin dominance shrinks, people are getting more greedy by investing in more risky alt-coins, dreaming of their chance in the next big bull run. By analyzing the dominance for a coin other than Bitcoin, you could argue the other way round, since more interest in an alt-coin may conclude a bullish/greedy behaviour for that specific coin.

5. Trends (10%)

We pull Google Trends data for various Bitcoin related search queries and crunch those numbers, especially the change of search volumes as well as recommended other currently popular searches. For example, if you check Google Trends for “Bitcoin”, you can’t get much information from the search volume. Currently, you can see that there is a +1,550% rise of the query “bitcoin price manipulation“ in the box of related search queries (as of 05/29/2018). This is clearly a sign of fear in the market, and we use that for our index.

 

Surveys (15%) currently paused

Together with strawpoll.com (disclaimer: we own this site, too), quite a large public polling platform, we’re conducting weekly crypto polls and ask people how they see the market. Usually, we’re seeing 2,000 – 3,000 votes on each poll, so we do get a picture of the sentiment of a group of crypto investors. We don’t give those results too much attention, but it was quite useful in the beginning of our studies. You can see some recent results here.

Editor’s Note:  The author’s views and conclusions are unaltered and no personal comments have been included to maintain the integrity of the original article.  Furthermore, the views, conclusions and any recommendations offered in this article are not to be construed as an endorsement of such by the editor.

Related Articles from the munKNEE Vault:

1. Bitcoin Surges; Dollar Dives; U.S. Economic Outlook Plummets

Tuesday was all about two things – what went up and what went down – and below is a look at what happened in chart form.

2. New ETF Will Make It Easier, Safer & More Convenient To Invest In Bitcoin

A futures-based exchange-traded funds based on Bitcoin called the ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) started yesterday and I believe it will be a major factor in making the process to invest in Bitcoins considerably easier, safer, and more convenient. Here are 5 reasons why:

3. Average of 50 Bitcoin Price Predictions: End of 2021 ($71,445); By 2025 ($249,578) and $5,237,082 By 2030

Find out why 50 industry experts think Bitcoin will be worth US$71,415 by the end of 2021, before rising to US$249,578 by 2025 and why holding till 2030 will be the real payoff.

4. Bitcoin Is Going To $500,000 and the Rationale Is Simple

While there are risks, cryptocurrencies can reap huge rewards for those who make the right investment decisions. In this blog post, we discuss how to invest in cryptocurrency and what you need to know if you want to get involved!

8. Bitcoin vs. Gold: Which Is the Better Asset To Own?

Gold and Crypto are both expected to embark on their next bull run and, a disadvantage to owning one asset is often an advantage of owning the other. Therefore, we believe both deserve a place in your portfolio for at least insurance purposes.

9. Bitcoin vs Gold: A Surprising Price Correlation

It would be wise for bitcoin traders to use any kind of hedge that they can find and over the past few months, one such hedge has been, ironically, gold.

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The post Current Bitcoin Fear & Greed Index appeared first on munKNEE.com.


Author: Lorimer Wilson

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Precious Metals

Gold Prices Accelerate as Fears Over Global Inflation Mount

Gold prices are once again on the rise, as investors around the globe prepare for the elevated risk of inflation
The post Gold Prices Accelerate as Fears…

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Gold prices are once again on the rise, as investors around the globe prepare for the elevated risk of inflation that is anything but transitory.

December gold futures hit a high of more than $1810 per ounce on Friday, marking an increase of about 2.5% during the week— the fastest weekly gain since the beginning of spring. The bullion’s popularity has accelerated over the past month, as investors look to hedge against growing inflation risks despite assurance from central banks and policymakers that price pressures will abate soon.

Moreover, gold prices are also getting a boost from a declining dollar index, as the US dollar continues to weaken against other major currencies, most notably the euro, yen, and the yuan.

Indeed, the latest rally suggests that an increased number of investors prefer “hard” assets such as precious metals to counter a rising inflationary environment. As a result, some industry leaders are expecting the rally to continue, and likely coincide with price accelerations across other commodities, such as natural gas and aluminum.

Former chiefs of Canadian-based gold mining company GoldCorp Inc., Rob McEwen and David Garofalo, recently told Bloomberg that the inflationary phenomenon currently witnessed around the globe will not be as transient as central banks’ official figures suggest. As investors begin to take into account a more permanent state of price pressures, the price of gold could hit $3,000 per ounce, they said.

“I’m talking about months. The reaction tends to be immediate and violent when it does happen. That’s why I’m quite confident that gold will achieve $3,000 an ounce in months not years,” explained Garofalo, arguing that gold makes a better hedge against inflation than cryptocurrencies, due to the precious metal’s long-standing history as a universal asset.


Information for this briefing was found via Bloomberg. The author has no securities or affiliations related to this organization. Not a recommendation to buy or sell. Always do additional research and consult a professional before purchasing a security. The author holds no licenses.

The post Gold Prices Accelerate as Fears Over Global Inflation Mount appeared first on the deep dive.

Author: Hermina Paull

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Precious Metals

The Price of Bitcoin

Over seven and a half years ago, Jim remarked about Bitcoin: Hard to know where this is all going to lead. But one thing is clear– we have added a very…

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Over seven and a half years ago, Jim remarked about Bitcoin:

Hard to know where this is all going to lead. But one thing is clear– we have added a very interesting new chapter in the history of money.

In my course on the financial system, I’ve had to update the material to include cryptocurrencies and central bank digital currencies (CBDC). Here’s some pictures of cryptocurrencies.

Figure 1: Price of bitcoin (blue), ethereum (brown), litecoin (green), in USD, in logs, 2017M01=0. NBER defined recession dates shaded gray. Source: FRED, NBER.

These three particular cryptocurrencies have experienced proportionately enormous appreciations. Taking bitcoin as an example, it’s clear cryptocurrency returns have been enormous compared to even the S&P 500.

Figure 2: Price of bitcoin in USD (blue), London 3pm price of gold in USD/oz. (brown), S&P 500 index (green), in logs, 2017M01=0. NBER defined recession dates shaded gray. Source: FRED, NBER.

However, the month-on-month volatility of bitcoin is enormous, even dwarfing that of gold, as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3: Month-on-month growth rate of the price of bitcoin in USD (blue), of London 3pm price of gold in USD/oz. (brown), of S&P 500 index (green), all calculated as log-differences. NBER defined recession dates shaded gray. Source: FRED, NBER.

The standard deviation of month-on-month (not annualized) changes was 2.8% and 3.9% for gold and S&P 500 respectively. For bitcoin, it’s 21.6% monthly. That means that bitcoin does not fulfill the third function of money, namely a store of value, very well.

Given this volatility, one has to wonder why one would want to hold bitcoin. In his post, Jim asks:

Why does the stuff have value in the first place? The answer is that it would be very helpful to many buyers and sellers of real goods and services if they were able to pay for transactions in this way. We can think of any form of money as an asset that provides liquidity services, which refers to the tangible benefit to its holder coming from the ability of the asset to facilitate certain transactions. The value of money, that is, the value of real stuff you’d be willing to give up to hold money, can be thought of as the present value of the stream of these future liquidity services.

Bitcoin has two potential advantages over credit cards for providing such liquidity services. First, the supporting network only needs to verify that the private code is valid, which is less costly than verifying that you are indeed the rightful owner of a credit card and are ultimately going to deliver good funds. …

Second, Bitcoins are relatively more anonymous than credit cards. In this respect, they enjoy some of the same advantages as cash….

One can formalize this argument by referring to the equation for pricing assets:

D stands for dividends when P refers to a stock price. In our context, D is the liquidity services provided by bitcoin (which can be small for those who don’t need to evade restrictions), P the price of bitcoin. If one can rule out bubbles, then a bitcoin price is equal to the present discounted value of liquidity services. However, there’s no reason to impose this assumption.

Then the price of bitcoin is moved primarily by new information that changes the information set used for forecasting the future price — in other words, the speculative motive is central.

The expected future price is in this interpretation driven by new information about the liquidity services provided by bitcoin. New regulatory measures — either tightening or loosening — should be associated with bitcoin price movements. Figure 4 highlights the role of such regulatory events, as well as the discount rate.

Figure 4: Price of bitcoin in USD (blue, left log scale), TIPS 5 year yield, in % (brown, right scale). NBER defined recession dates shaded gray. Source: FRED, NBER.

Chinese measures to rein in the use of bitcoin negatively impacted prices. On the other hand increasing acceptance of the use of bitcoin — as in the establishment of a bitcoin futures ETF — enhanced the liquidity services provided by bitcoin.

What does the future herald for the price of bitcoin? It depends on the balance between increasing regulations that limit the desirability of bitcoin as a pseudonymous means of transactions and the increasing usefulness of bitcoin as an asset class. The establishment of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) will also certainly alter the relative desirability of cryptocurrencies.

For more, see Charles Engel’s paper on the subject. Eswar Prasad devotes considerable discussion of cryptocurrencies in his new, comprehensive assessment of the digital revolution in finance, The Future of Money.



Author: Menzie Chinn

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